open thread – April 13-14, 2018

It’s the Friday open thread! The comment section on this post is open for discussion with other readers on anything work-related that you want to talk about. If you want an answer from me, emailing me is still your best bet*, but this is a chance to talk to other readers.

* If you submitted a question to me recently, please don’t repost it here, as it may be in the to-be-answered queue.

{ 1,706 comments… read them below }

  1. Rockhopper*

    In the absence of the horror stories we read here daily, how do you decide when it is time to move on from a job? I am at a job that is stable, pays me fairly (although I’m not getting rich) and has decent benefits. I am vested in my retirement account and next year will be up to 25 days of PTO. Everyone here, from the CEO to the Customer Service Rep, is polite and respectful at least on the surface. I am very good at what I do and nobody else here has my particular skillset. I should also add than I am a decade from retirement and my life situation means I need PTO and flexibility to use it, which I have here.
    But. I am in a position with no pathway to promotion, even though I’ve taken over multiple responsibilities that belonged to higher ups who left (and those positions were not be refilled). And even these new responsibilities don’t keep me nearly busy enough, so I have too much time to fill. There are areas where I could add a lot of value, but that keeps being overlooked even though I have brought it up more than once. It doesn’t help that I have a manager doesn’t understand what I do, who couldn’t manage his way out of a bag and who is, I think, a little intimidated by me although I am not a particularly intimidating person.
    I go through these thoughts every few months. To stay or to go? How do you decide when both sides have so many pros and cons?

    1. Anonymous Educator*

      I think if I were in your situation, I would probably not actively job search but just keep an eye out for potential opportunities, and if something looks interesting, apply for it. In many ways, you’re in the ideal job search situation—lots of people feel pressure to find something right now because their current workplace is toxic, they’re unemployed, or their spouse is moving for grad school or another job.

      1. Princess Loopy*

        This for sure. Look around at available jobs when you feel like it, talk to trusted folks in your network about the idea of finding something new, and take the opportunity to be really choosy about what you consider.

        The added bonus is that if you do decide it’s time move with more urgency, you’ve already gotten the process started.

      2. Jerry Vandesic*

        I agree. Look around, but be picky. Figure out what you want. A promotion? Increased pay? At least 25 days PTO? Better benefits? Then, look for opportunities that meet your needs. Jobs that don’t get culled. It might take a while, but when you do find something new it will be enough to make a difference compared to your current job.

      3. Mephyle*

        Agree with these suggestions, but also be prepared that nothing better will present itself and you will stay in the job. Aas mentioned by numerous people below, stability, a sane, polite workplace and good PTO are not things to give up lightly, especially given that you would be an older jobseeker and closer to retirement than many other jobseekers.
        I would do a parallel quest to look for fulfillment outside the job; it could be a side business, volunteering, a serious hobby (that could also evolve to something that generates income)…. Any of these could provide an environment where you can get satisfaction by managing things to add value the way it should be done.

    2. Caledonia*

      For me, if the job isn’t toxic, then I leave when I have gotten the most out of it I possibly can / can add no further value / can learn all I want to.

      Sometimes you just gotta take a leap of faith, you know? Jump into the unknown.

      1. Victoria Nonprofit (USA)*

        There’s a reality in being older, though, that makes job security really important. Age discrimination is incredibly prevalent. I’d be cautious about moving into a less secure position, because I wouldn’t want to be job searching 5 years from retirement. Sucks.

        1. Rockhopper*

          Yes, that is a big pro for staying in my situation. You don’t want to screw up the last few years before retirement.

          1. Triplestep*

            The lack of drama in the interpersonal relationships, and the flexibility and amount of PTO are key here. I’m about 10 – 15 years from retirement, and I would kill for these things. In fact I am actively considering jobs that would be a step down in responsibility. I don’t care that there’s no pathway to promotion … my job is stressful enough, although your mileage may vary.

            Maybe you should go back and read Alison’s earlier entry this week about asking for raise? Seems like you’re in the exact situation she described as someone who took on more responsibility and never got a salary adjustment.

        2. Fortitude Jones*

          Ahhhh, yes. This is something I hadn’t considered. Taking blind leaps when you’re 30 plus years away from retirement is much different when it’s only 10.

        3. nonymous*

          I would also say that the last 5 – 10 years of FTE are definitely “make hay” periods. Either one has advanced to the point that their pay is due to institutional knowledge/networking, or the work has become routine. In the latter, often the real gain is to set in motion whatever is needed for retirement. For example, if someone wants to entrepreneur their retirement or move to a different locale or spend a lot of time in a particular hobby. Being employed FT at a position that doesn’t exhaust you – while not very sexy – leaves space to do the legwork to research, network and learn new skills as needed. There are a lot of people out there with amazing retirement goals (RV around the US! move to Costa Rica!), but don’t have a practical plan how to execute it. For example, living in an RV means having to downsize to <400sq feet – that's not going to happen overnight! And to get a residency permit in CR has income thresholds. None of this would prevent goals, but it's a negative emotional blow to have to spend a year or so dealing with legal/practical stuff after retirement is official.

          1. Anonymoose*

            I dont’ understand how folks are affording to retire in Costa Rica – it’s just as expensive as the US! And for much lower standards of living. Now, maybe I could understand Panama…

        4. Screenwriter*

          Yes, I totally agree with this. As you get to this age, a secure retirement is infinitely more valuable than a promotion but a possibly less secure situation. That should be your top priority in weighing the pros and cons, because that’s what will seriously matter for the rest of your life. As I get to retirement age, I am now seeing the value of really having kept an eye on saving, investing, and vesting in my pension for all those years; and it’s like all of a sudden, the whole “promotion” thing becomes far less crucial.

    3. Irene Adler*

      I’m finding that actually interviewing for other positions helps me see how my current position measures up to what’s out there. It also helps me to realize what I really value, what I want and what I can actually have.

    4. Muriel Heslop*

      Have you looked at all to see what else might be out there for you? It sounds like you are on the fence but maybe there is a job out there for you that has more of what you would like. Ten years is a long time and I would love for you find something that’s a better fit if you can. Good luck!

    5. Schnoodle*

      It sounds like you’re bored, but in a stable job where you are confident in your skill set and have the flexibility and PTO you require for work life balance.

      Personally, I wouldn’t budge unless it was for an awesome company/position you’ve been dying to get into.

      A good respectful workplace with decent benefits and flexibility is hard to come by in my opinion.

      1. Rockhopper*

        Yes, that is my problem. I’ve seen too much of the bad stuff on AAM and I don’t want to end up with a job like that this late in my career.

        1. General Ginger*

          Rockhopper, I’d maybe put some low-key feelers out there and do some interviews — that way, you’re open to finding a position or a company that really grabs you. But I wouldn’t leave for anything other than a really stellar opportunity, were I in your position.

    6. Detective Amy Santiago*

      This is actually the best position to be in when you’re job searching! You’re not desperate, so you can afford to be choosy about which positions you apply/interview for. Start looking around at your options and submit a resume when it sounds good.

    7. ThatGirl*

      I had some of these thoughts at my last job – the pay was decent, I had a very flexible schedule, I liked my coworkers – but I felt kinda bored and/or not doing what I “really” wanted to do. I did occasional job searching but nothing panned out.

      And then I got laid off and the decision was made for me :P

    8. Apples to Apples*

      Not sure whether your skillset lends itself to this, but have you thought about freelancing or consulting on the side? It’s flexible and could allow you to feel the fulfillment you may not be getting at work right now.

    9. Jennifer*

      Can you find another job in the first place to move on TO? That’s my only determiner, saying this as someone who can’t find anything. I would have long since left if I could. You can look around all you like, but it only really depends on if you can find something else.

    10. Menacia*

      Wow, I could have written this post! Feeling the same way you do I have started to test the waters. Putting out feelers has been good, due to my experience and education, the feedback has been positive. I am being very picky as far as opportunities to pursue. It’s a great position to be in and if nothing else, I will be able to compare my options. Working on my resume and submitting applications is not a wasted exercise, especially when you have time on your hands.

    11. Master Bean Counter*

      I’m in the same boat now. Just keep an eye to the job boards and see if anything that looks interesting comes up. You’ll be surprised how much better you can spot red flags at a company when you’re not desperate. You have the luxury of being able to be picky, enjoy it.

    12. Ainomiaka*

      Agree that this is a good time to carefully job hunt. You don’t have to take anything that isn’t better. You can always say no. And there’s much less disincentive to ask quality of life questions. You don’t have to worry if they think asking how much people actually use PTO looks bad because you’re self selecting out of companies that have a problem with that.

    13. Bea*

      In your case I would just casually look for more choices but something stellar would have to pop out to take a bite at it.

      My reasons for leaving have always been relocation or insane bosses. I’ll also eventually leave my current position barring I’ll be able to convince them they only need me part time and getting other gigs on the side because I’m so incredibly bored with just the one section of my skills being tapped into.

      I’ve noticed boredom is a reason many others leave. But so close to retirement with all the perks set, I wouldn’t be very mobile minded.

      1. Kelly L.*

        Yeah, the way this has usually played out in my life is wanting or needing to move for personal reasons, thus necessitating leaving the job in the old place.

    14. Mockingjay*

      I started drafting a similar comment yesterday. I am closer to retirement (2 or 3 more years), so I am not switching jobs or careers. But my role has definitely changed – the market for what I do is considerably reduced and my skills aren’t relevant. I’m a technical writer and my local job market has shifted to more results-oriented engineering tasks. Documentation is minimal and only cursorily edited. My workload is very light and consists of proofreading and some basic formatting.

      I’m bored most days. I’ve volunteered in some other areas of the company which helps. The upside is that stress is almost nonexistent and I go home at regular hours every day.

      [Postscript: I didn’t comment on Tuesday’s thread on whether executives need to proofread their emails; I was too busy clutching my pearls as one more nail was driven into the coffin of this career. Guess I’m a dinosaur clinging to my thesaurus while I delicately erase the carbon copy in my typewriter…]

      1. Me--Blargh*

        I’m a technical writer and my local job market has shifted to more results-oriented engineering tasks. Documentation is minimal and only cursorily edited. My workload is very light and consists of proofreading and some basic formatting.

        Well great, there goes my entire career plan. :(

        1. Mockingjay*

          Don’t give up. Tech writing for software documentation is going strong in private industry. My company’s market is defense contracting and the skill set can be pretty narrow I do have prior software doc experience. If I wasn’t so close to retirement, I’d take some refresher courses in XML editors and get back into that.

          1. Fortitude Jones*

            Tech writing for software documentation is going strong in private industry.

            Seconded. I keep getting alerts for tons of these jobs in my area (Midwest), so there’s still hope.

        2. Ann O.*

          It depends on why you want to do technical writing and what you envision it to be. The job role has been shifting across many industries from feature based to interaction based. IMHO, that’s a good thing across the board. But if what you want is to write manuals, copyedit, or do print-oriented templates, it could mean your hopes are misaligned with the current trends.

          1. Me--Blargh*

            I’m fine with that–I just need some time to learn more software skills. The problem is that I have no access to any way of learning them until I have an income. I’ll have to pay for it and get it elsewhere–probably can’t get it at work because admins don’t get to do that sort of thing.

            1. Ann O.*

              You can learn DITA, Markdown, HTML5, and CSS with open source tools. DITA is easier with a quality program like Oxygen or XMetal, but it’s all open source and there are freeware editors. Also, way more important than learning a specific language is reading up on the underlying theory. If you know what information mapping, minimalism, task-oriented documentation, etc. means, you’re looking at the right things. If you don’t, I’d suggest starting there. There are some great blogs.

              I also have a bias for recommending crossover into learning basic UX principles, but that’s probably driven as much by my current niche and personal interests as anything else.

            2. Easily Amused*

              There are tons of free/low cost online resources for learning to code – Kahn Academy, in some places, you can get access to Lynda.com via a local library card, Udemy, Coursera, Codecademy, etc. If you’re a woman, look into the Grace Hopper Program at Fullstack Academy. A friend of mine just completed it – tuition free!

            3. Alicat*

              Look into what your public library offers. Our public library (Western Canada) offers all kinds of free online courses through Lynda.com , Gale Courses etc.

    15. hermit crab*

      I am in a very similar position to you, except I’m earlier in my career. I’m generally kind of burnt out and on any given day can swing between “OK, if a little stuck” and “OMG why do I even care anymore, I have to get out of here.” I work on very long-term projects (they can literally span decades) and no matter how sick I get of certain aspects of my job/this company, I feel like there are still things I want to see through. Sometimes.

      I’m actually pursuing service year opportunities like AmeriCorps, with the idea that I’d either come back to this company afterward or use it as a jumping off point for something completely different. Obviously that is not feasible for a lot of people, but I wonder if there’s some way you can get some mental distance from your current position to figure out exactly what it is you want.

    16. Anonymous Poster*

      It depends on where you are in your career. For example, I’d generally think someone young in their career would prefer to see more advancement so that their pay trajectory is bumped up as high as it can go early on. But, if you have a family, then a comfortable job where while you may not advance, will see you through whatever stage of life you’re in, I could see a case for sticking around.

      It’s also normal to move on simply because you’re bored. You’re moving on to find new challenges, which is a very normal reason to look around. Or someone late in their career may stick it out until retirement, so that they have steady income, not a ton of stress, and then glide gracefully into retirement.

      It really just depends. At the very least, interviewing won’t hurt you, and maybe you’ll find a place that really clicks. Or not. You have the very real advantage of being able to be very, very picky. Keep in mind that these letters show you the outliers, and not the vast majority of peoples’ work lives. Chances are wherever you end up will be a little quirky, but not a dumpster fire. But you can afford to find that real diamond of a job if you want since you’re fine where you are.

    17. The OG Anonsie*

      This is one of those jobs-as-dating things. People will stick in both no matter how little they’re actually benefiting them because they don’t see a reason to leave. Something big and bad has to happen for folks to feel like they have a good enough reason to move on.

      Which is weird, right? Why sit stagnant in something that’s not really enriching your life when you have other options?

    18. Work Wardrobe*

      I got three different “good” jobs when I was 58, 60 and 63 (job changes = we moved away, then moved back). So it’s definitely possible to find them.

      That said, I am at a career level where I have had the same title for all 3 jobs, but I’m fine with that.

      You know you can take your retirement account with you, so that’s not an issue…

    19. Ali G*

      I think you should consider a “passive job search.” Are you on LinkedIn? Either create an account or update your existing one (you can turn off the notifications so everyone is not pinged that you updated your profile) to really sell yourself. Then actively seek out companies and other people to grow your network. A lot of recruiting happens on LinkedIn and if you have marketable skills you might get noticed.
      Then you can make a choice based on the options you have.
      You can also “turn on” the option to let recruiters know you are open to hearing from them.

    20. When it rains...*

      If you have a lot of downtime at work, maybe take some online classes? Or do some research around your interests? It could be good to start thinking about major projects you’d like to dive into once you are retired and have the freedom to do what you want!!

    21. Michelle*

      I relate to this so much. I wanted to ask the same thing but couldn’t quite figure out how to word it so it made sense and you did so perfectly. I will be following the comments.

    22. Jady*

      Personally, it would come down to money for me. Would you get a significant increase elsewhere? Would you be able to apply to new jobs as the promotion position you’ve been wanting? Would that position typically fit in with your needs (flexibility, etc)?

      If yes to all 3, then I would start searching, but be choosy about accepting a new place, make sure it’s a good fit.

      Otherwise I’d just stick around. The benefits are significant. Push harder for the promotion, go above heads if possible, in the other areas you could provide value… if it’s an option, just start doing it. Forgiveness over permission and all that. If you still have idle time at work, use it to learn new things you can add to your resume.

    23. Oxford Coma*

      I would keep the job, and seek additional career fulfillment through alternate routes such as professional societies, speaking engagements, publications, etc. The context you’ve provided (fair environment with decent bennies and flexibility, your age, and so on) would make me very reluctant to leave.

    24. Not So NewReader*

      The traditional decision making model calls for a list of pros and cons.

      A new model calls for ONE VERY good reason. Find a very good reason to stay or to go. Probably looking at other jobs would help you find that very good reason.

      I will say that if you are truly concerned about landing in a toxic environment then that might be your answer right there. So you could sum it up as, “I am better off staying put because I know I have it okay here.”

      One suggestion I would make is how about gearing up for a gig that you can do when you are retired? This could mean taking courses or perhaps ramping up a hobby you already have. You have ten years to build something for yourself to do once you retire. I am a conservative person, so I would be drawn to an idea similar to this one.

    25. Rockhopper*

      Thanks, everyone. You’ve given me lots to think about. I do get that I’m in a better situation than many.

    26. KX*

      You know how I knew? Ordinary, reasonable requests started to enrage me. These would be things that I’d been doing the whole time, too–not new or out-of-scope responsibilities. I did not act on my rage, but I listened to it. This is a nice office with friendly people and good friends, that offers lots of flexibility and paid time off, and yet…

      I don’t need to be somewhere that made me so unpredictably angry, and the people I work with deserve willing assistance. It’s just time for me to go.

      I am actively looking, but I am being very choosy. What has been interesting is that I can see in potential new jobs similarities to the things I am doing that I am tired of, and it is helping me focus on what I really want to look for. It was a whole big revelation the other day that I have not been posting long enough here to get into.

      But you guys! It was an amazing revelation!

      1. Canadian Teapots*

        That’s… really concerning, actually?

        Sudden and unpredictable onsets of anger sound like a pit stop with a therapist may be in order to clarify the true underlying cause, be it job satisfaction or something else.

        1. Anna*

          Not really? I mean, sure if you’re experiencing that in other places, but if it’s really focused around work and you can identify it for what it is, I don’t think therapy is necessary. Sometimes the cause and effect are exactly what they appear to be and changing the cause will erase the effect.

          1. Canadian Teapots*

            The thing is, though, is I get wanting to roll one’s eyes at doing and redoing the same basic-request things that are in one’s job description, because humans tend to value routine but not to the point where it’s the major aspect of things. Fair point.

            But actual episodes of rage? That’s so far off the meter of ordinariness in my experience that if I were to experience those incidents my first impulse would be to wonder if I’ve accidentally been exposed to a mood alterant.

            1. KX*

              “ENRAGED” was overstating my case. Preposterously inconvenienced and profoundly exasperated are better descriptors.

      2. Luna*

        I get this, this was kind of what happened to me too. I realized I was getting more and more annoyed at basic everyday requests that I had happily been doing for years. That was the sign.

    27. Gerry*

      I am in a very similar situation, except I also have a defined benefit pension plan and additional sick days that accumulate monthly. The longer I stay, the bigger my pension. I’m not sure how big your organization is, but would it be possible to find lateral movement to a different (better) manager?

      I know there is one prominent HR blogger who says you should never stay in a place that doesn’t “grow your flame” and to some extent I agree. But we do get to an age where our priorities become more personal, and what we need from our employers changes. If you remain open to new opportunities, you can negotiate benefits that work for you, and be prepared to walk away if you can’t get them. That would be my advice.

    28. LilySparrow*

      It sounds like you feel you could do better, but don’t have a specific opportunity on the table to compare to.
      You can’t really ever solve a hypothetical question like that. So look around and see if you do find something better. Having the other side of the equation be really concrete is going to make the decision much easier.

    29. RB*

      We’re in similar situations. I look at things in my current job that other jobs don’t have and those usually persuade me to stay here. Things like a good retirement package, a short commute, and a decent boss. I could find one or two of those at another place, but there might be a slight pay cut. It seems unlikely I would find all three of those at another place and not have to take a pay cut or reduced vacation time. I’ve been in worse jobs and I don’t want to risk winding up in another one.

    30. Not a Morning Person*

      Another consideration is your PTO, holidays, and time off flexibility. If your employer is reasonably flexible about your use of your time-off benefits, then that is something to value. Too often, starting over at a new position requires starting at the bottom for accruing PTO and for developing a reputation where your manager will be comfortable allowing you flexibility.
      I am in a similar situation. I am not engaged in my work any more and it is significantly below the level of responsibility and pay I have had in previous jobs. But when we relocated, it was the only thing I could find. As I look around, the whole region pays less than the national average, which is incredibly frustrating. However, I have a reasonably flexible manager, a pretty easy commute, and because I am pretty healthy, I use the stingy amount of PTO for vacation and not sick leave. Just offering a perspective on PTO as another consideration.
      Of course, if you are really bored or really disengaged, then finding something to be excited about may overcome some of the negatives that might come with starting over at a new organization. That’s what I’m looking for, but I really need time off benefits and scheduling flexibility. Figure out what you most want, need, and value from your current or a future job and keep that in mind as you explore your options. Good luck!

    31. MissDissplaced*

      If you’re a decade out, and the job is stable with no layoffs pending, I would stick it out and stay put!
      Jobs are just that sometimes, jobs. When you do retire you can be free to pursue something else for a few years if you want to that suits your personal tastes.

    32. Buu*

      Does your industry have Networking events, conventions or mentorship programs you could join as a mentor? Perhaps getting involved in something like that might naturally open up opportunities whilst you can actively contribute something esp to people starting out.

      1. TootsNYC*

        I agree with the idea of finding a way to teach or coach or mentor–that’s very enlivening for me. And it can turn all those now-mundane tasks into fodder for the next teaching session.

    33. I Didn’t Kill Kenny*

      Agree with much of what’s been said.

      First, do you use that PTO to give yourself a reset and refresh?
      Looking elsewhere can definitely help you appreciate what’s out there and what you already have. Additional PTO is often something that can be negotiated in a new job.
      Do you have interests/hobbies outside of work that can give you some fulfillment?

      A little boring can equal no drama, not something to be taken lightly, as this blog demonstrates.

      And I hate to say it but 10 yrs from retirement – ageism is out there when you job search.

    34. Safetykats*

      Is there any possibility of a different job at the same company? I feel for you as regards not feeling challenged or well -utilized, but my sister and her husband both changed jobs a year ago, after more than 20 years in the same place, and seemed to have no understanding that as a new employee you generally just don’t get the flexibility you do after decades. They’ve gone from pretty much comingband going as they pleased as long as they got their work done to long, specific hours and a long commute, plus travel (for her) and lots of weekend days (for him). the Rest of us are left to make up for this with their kids, and lucky for us all that we can do that, but I’m still gobsmacked that they were stunned at the change.

      It’s really hard to put a price on the kind of flexibility that lets you take care of what you need to, especially if you’re well taken care of otherwise.

  2. HALP!*

    Hi AAMers,

    Happy Friday! I have my first-ever situational interview coming up next week (I am the interviewee) and I have no idea what to expect. Obviously I’m doing research on likely questions, etc, but is there anything else I can do to prep? I’m really excited about this position, and would like to make a great impression.

    Secondly, the firm’s dress code is more professional than I’m used to (think law or banking), but they wear jeans on Fridays. My interviewer specifically had HR tell me that they will all be in jeans, and it’s okay for me to come in jeans. Would black jeans and a bright blue blazer look out of place? Or should I dress in muted professional dress clothes as I would for any other interview?

    1. Schnoodle*

      Skip the jeans and go with business casual type, in my opinion. So you’re both dressed up somewhat, yet not in a stuffy suit when you’ve been specifically told they’d be in jeans.

    2. Detective Amy Santiago*

      If they made a point of telling you that it was okay to wear jeans, I think your black jeans and blazer idea would be perfect.

      1. Fortitude Jones*

        Yup, agreed. And wear dress shoes so you aren’t too casual – you still want to be just a slight step up from everyone else when interviewing.

    3. Smudge*

      Hi – I can’t help with the first half of your question (although I wish you luck!) but I currently work in a law firm and actually felt hugely overdressed in my interview, even though it wasn’t casual Friday – I came in a suit (dress, matching jacket, heels) and the partner interviewing me (much older) was also in a suit, but my future boss was just in a sweater and pants with nice jewellery. I think law firms at least are often less formal than people imagine from movies etc, so I think black jeans and a bright blue blazer would be absolutely fine – although you could potentially wear heels if you’re still worried about looking too casual, and make sure the little details like jewellery, hair etc. are all looking polished.

      1. Morning Glory*

        If the hiring manager specifically said that it was ok for her to wear jeans and that everyone else would be in jeans…why not?

        1. Canadian Teapots*

          It runs the risk of someone not knowing the interviewee was told “wear jeans”, and unfairly dismissing them for not appearing to know what professional attire looks like.

          Were I in the interviewee’s position I would wear what the ordinary dress code says, and if asked, say, “I was told about your casual dress day but didn’t want to presume upon that.” So it demonstrates you’re not just trying to show off, you’re cognizant of past communications, but also you’re aware that ‘newbies’ often are held to stricter standards than old-timers who can be cut a little slack because the folks around them know the score.

          1. Artemesia*

            This. So often places are not that organized and someone who is himself quite casually dressed and thinks are no big deal might give a bum steer to the candidate while others in the firm MAY care about dress. I have seen men also give women bad advice because the norms are different sometimes. I think dark jeans and a blazer probably works fine but I’d probably go with business casual but not jeans in a more formal place.

        2. Canadian Teapots*

          That all being said, posters below have made good arguments for paying attention to the specific mention of jeans, but keeping it classy within the parameters of a more casual day. So take my above with a rather large caveat of “only do this if you have reason to believe that you might not be invited to relax your dress code”.

    4. ABK*

      I’d go with jeans or black jeans and a blazer since they told you it would be fine, as long as your jeans fit you well. They likely will not be paying attention to this at all so don’t worry about it!

    5. Lisa B*

      Think of it this way- if you wear jeans, they will think “that’s fine, we said it was ok.” But if dress like you normally would for an interview, they’re more likely to be impressed that you still treated it wanting to show your best self.

      1. Jadelyn*

        …or they’ll take it as a sign she might not be a good cultural fit, too stiff/inflexible to adjust to the situation, or any number of other things. You can’t say for sure how they’ll react, especially when they made such a point of specifically saying “we’ll all be there in jeans”.

        1. Detective Amy Santiago*

          This is my thought too. They made a point of telling you that you can wear jeans and if you show up in a full suit, it makes you look like you can’t follow directions.

        2. General Ginger*

          Agreed. They told you they’ll be in jeans. Dressing them up with a blazer sounds absolutely perfect; wearing a full suit when they said you don’t have to would appear like you didn’t listen.

        3. Fiennes*

          I agree. Dressing up a pair of black jeans with a blazer, nice shirt beneath, etc, seems like the way to go here. Otherwise the message sent is, “I don’t listen to clear, explicit information about the culture here.”

        4. Zennish*

          This. Personally, I’d find it mildly off-putting as an interviewer if I told you specifically it was okay to dress down, and you dressed up. It would strike me as a little uptight, or at least wouldn’t further any rapport.

        5. Not a Morning Person*

          I think an unmatched slacks and blazer would still be appropriate. It’s more casual than a matched suit but still comes across a little more professional than jeans. Although the black jeans and blue blazer sound great! Make sure your shoes are nice and look well-kept, not scuffed or worn at the heel.
          Good luck!

      2. Lady By The Lake*

        As a lawyer, if I specifically told a candidate that it was jeans day and they showed up in full lawyer regalia, I would assume that it is someone who is too green and unsure of themselves. It would be a huge black mark for me.

        1. Sunflower*

          I agree. They told you that you could wear jeans so i think the black jeans are perfect

    6. ANon.*

      If your interviewer went out of his/her way to let you know that it’s ok to wear jeans and that everyone else will be in jeans, I would wear jeans. IMO, disregarding that information after they specifically told you would reflect poorly on you. Also, if you dress like you belong, that may help them subconsciously see you as belonging. But definitely dress them up a professionally as you can. The way you described sounds perfect.

    7. Casual Dave*

      If you’ve been officially told jeans are right, wear jeans, if you like wearing jeans and/or do not like being overdressed.
      Because either
      1) they are completely fine with jeans
      Or
      2) they are the kind of weird shites who say one thing and mean another.

      To me being overdressed is a symbol of weakness and supplication. I want to feel equal to the interviewer. Ymmv

    8. Annie Moose*

      This is probably pretty obvious, but if you do wear jeans, I’d say go with dark (or even black) jeans and make sure they’re in very good condition (no visible wearing, no holes, no studs, etc.), just to be on the safe side.

    9. CatCat*

      This is a tough one. I’d personally feel uncomfortable wearing jeans at an interview, but it also is awkward to be the most overdressed person in the room. Maybe khaki’s and the blue blazer, a white top, and nude shoes?

    10. Panda*

      On Monday, I had a situational interview for an internal promotion. (I posted about it on last week’s open thread). I was asked:

      How do you build relationships with internal clients and outside clients/vendors?

      What will you do if one of your Teapot Managers try to dump work on you? (I would be an Associate Teapot Manager who gets her work assigned by the director, not the Teapot Managers).

      How do you learn best? (He stressed I would have a lot of information to learn quickly)

      What will you do when you have questions?

      They are not earth-shattering questions and may not be what you mean. I hope this helps a bit.

    11. Jen RO*

      I think your outfit of black jeans and blazer would be great. If they went out of their way to tell you everyone would wear jeans I am pretty sure they mean you should wear them too!

    12. nep*

      To me the black jeans and blazer sounds great, given the interviewer’s indications.
      Re the interview — One of the most useful things I’ve learned (in some cases the hard way) is to have a good grasp on how you’re going to close each answer. Goes without saying, but this element can sometimes be overlooked. It helps avoid trailing off and the awkwardness that can come with that. Not to be too scripted, but just having a good sense of how you’re going to wrap up each answer can help in a lot of ways.
      Good luck!

      1. ballpitwitch*

        This is one of those situations where I am so glad this is an option for me – I always wear dresses to interviews. You can dress them up or down depending on the shoes/accessories and avoid this whole thing.

        1. many bells down*

          Yeah I have the “Deborah” dress from ScottEVest – plain black knit, conservative neckline, knee-length, and has pockets. I can dress that up or down as much as I want. If they weren’t so pricy I’d have one in every color.

    13. AnotherJill*

      If you dress up after getting this information, I think you would risk looking like you would not fit into their culture. I think your plan sounds great.

    14. When it rains...*

      I think that’s awesome that they told you to wear jeans! Black jeans and a blue blazer sound great! Alternately, you could do dark blue jeans and a black blazer. Just make sure they’re “dressy” jeans and wear a nice top and shoes so you look modern and professional. Break a leg!

    15. Eye of Sauron*

      Aaackkkk this would be so hard for me!

      Ok, based on what you said I would wear jeans (OMG I can’t believe I said that), but I would wear ‘Trouser Denim” and a blazer.

      So think tailored pants that are made of denim. I’ll try to find a picture and link to describe what I’m referring to.

      1. A.*

        That is a great idea. I don’t think any of my jeans in my closet are appropriate for an interview.

    16. Boredatwork*

      That sounds like a very nice combination. I think ignoring their instructions would been seen as a negative, since they went out of their way to tell you.

    17. Anony Non (UK)*

      Every role I’ve had since graduating has had a situational aspect to interviewing and I now use them when hiring. I echo thinking about how you would close your responses, as well as remembering that it’s better to take a breath to think through your response so you don’t ramble.

    18. Observer*

      Remember casual =/= unkempt, sloppy, unpolished or “clubby”.

      As long as what you are wearing fits right (not too tight), and is in good condition and everything else is put together and polished, you’re outfit sounds right.

    19. DDJ*

      Be prepared to talk about actual situations you’ve encountered. And you’re probably going to get questions about “what’s your greatest strength/weakness” (ugh), short-term vs long-term career goals, why are you interested in this position specifically. Sometimes you’ll be asked about your values, who’s the best boss you ever worked for (and why were they the best). My company has a pretty standard set of situational interview questions, and they boil down to the following:
      -Organizational ability/stress/resiliency – how do you deal with constant interruptions to your work, what do you do when your day doesn’t go as planned; describe the types of situations that cause you stress at work and what you do to manage yourself in these situations; tell me about a setback you experienced and how you dealt with it; what sorts of things frustrate you, either in a job or within a company
      -Detail vs ambiguity – tell me about a time you were confused with a request and the steps you took to get clarification; describe a time when you had to take action without having the full picture, including why you needed to take action and the end result
      -Dealing with change – how do you cope with changing processes/circumstances (and tell me about a time you had to adjust quickly to change(s) you had no control over)
      -Conflict/team/work style – describe a time you had a disagreement with a teammate, and the steps you took to resolve the conflict; describe the type of work environment you work best in (predictable/structured/task-oriented vs fluctuating/fast-paced/changing, team vs independent, preferred amount of interaction with people)

      Basically, most questions are going to be “tell me about a time when…” so come up with work examples demonstrating your hard and soft skills. They’re not going to want hypotheticals, although if that’s all you’ve got, explain what actions you think you would take and WHY.

      Additionally, when it comes to things like “conflict,” it doesn’t need to be “my coworker punched me and I punched them back.” It can be “We disagreed on the timelines for this specific project, so I suggested we both create what we believed to be realistic timelines, with justifications for the timing, and then come together to see where we had common ground and where the actual disagreement was.” The important thing is not to just talk shit about your former coworkers – it doesn’t tend to go over well.

      Good luck!

    20. smoke tree*

      For situational interviews, Alison’s interviewing guide is really helpful in giving some direction about how to answer the questions, as well as a list of common questions to help you prepare. I think the main thing is to prepare some examples for likely questions so you’re not stuck grasping for a good example.

      I’ve also been told that interviewers were impressed that I wasn’t afraid to take a moment to prepare my answer before diving into it. A rambling, directionless answer is the bane of the situational question, so you want to make sure you have the basic STAR structure in your mind before you start, and make sure to end on a solid note about how your actions had some kind of positive effect instead of trailing off awkwardly. Good luck!

    21. Catnpoodle*

      I would be inclined to wear more conservative, boring blue jeans and not a bright colored blazer/shirt. Black jeans somehow are less formal, as in too much like leggings or giving rockstar vibes. Along the lines of J Crew styling.

    22. Anion*

      IMO the jeans and blazer, with nice shoes and shirt, sounds perfect. It’s jeans, so you won’t be overdressed and you show you can listen when they tell you things, but you’re not just in jeans and an untucked shirt or something, either.

    23. RB*

      Middle of the road: black straight-leg khakis, black or dark grey not-too-dressy blazer (not a blazer that’s part of a suit) and nice flats or low-heel shoes. Jewelry that you’d normally wear to a business-casual event. Maybe a scarf if that’s your thing.

    24. nym*

      I would probably do an end-run around it and wear a dress. Not a fancy dress with blazer, just a middling-casual dress, print or pattern, short sleeves, mid-calf length. It looks neither dressed down nor dressed up.

    25. WillowSunstar*

      If you are nervous about the jeans, you could go with a pair of nice khakis and a non-matching blazer. Khakis are still worn in a lot of companies, even on “casual” day.

  3. L.*

    Is the last day at a job supposed to be insane and annoying or is this just yet another reason why I made a good life choice in leaving?? Ugh, guys, we’ve had 2.5 weeks to go over all of this and it’s all in my transition document.

    1. PB*

      My last days have usually been pretty chill, so I’d say it’s another reason you made a good choice. Just plan to get through the day, and do something nice for yourself tonight.

      Congrats on your last day!

      1. Schnoodle*

        My last few days were crazy at Old Job. And I had made a department manual (I’m an HR dpt of One), sent out updates on leaves, benefits, etc. Yet two days before my last day you’re going to freak out? Seriously.

        Just know its your last day, last day of crazy for a while :)

      2. L.*

        Ugh, I wish it was chill! I’ve already been pulled into three or four things this morning. My team is supposed to take me out to lunch today and I’m just hoping the break in the day gives everyone a chance to calm down.

        1. Ali G*

          Hopefully it will be a 2 beer lunch – sounds like you earned it!
          (and yes – this is a sign you made the right decision)

    2. Anonymous Educator*

      It’s supposed to be chill, and if it’s not, then, yes, that is yet another reason why you made a good choice in leaving. I know someone who, on her last day at a job, was being assigned projects to do, and she was like “What? This is my last day. No.”

      1. Anonymous Educator*

        And by “projects” I don’t mean something that could be completed in a couple of hours—long-term projects.

      2. L.*

        People keep being like, “Oh, you’ll volunteer to help with this after you leave, right?” Like… no. I know you’re a charity, but you’ve been paying me for my work for 3+ years and I don’t intend to give you any reason to think work should be free.

        1. PB*

          People keep being like, “Oh, you’ll volunteer to help with this after you leave, right?”

          … the heck? Wow. I’m glad you’re getting out.

        2. The Other Dawn*

          That makes it sound to me like they aren’t prepared for your departure and no one bothered to read your transition document. Two and a half weeks ago they probably thought, “Eh we have a lot of time.” And now they’re like, “OMG L is leaving in a few hours!! What are we going to do? Did anyone read the document L wrote??”

          And this is why it seems like you made a good choice to leave. Good luck!

    3. Falling Diphthong*

      It’s supposed to be a chill time eating food and trading carefree “remember that time Wakeen got stuck in the copier?” stories. You made a good life choice.

      1. LJL*

        yes, it’s supposed to be chill. My last day at Evil Old Job was crazy and evil boss even held me over late! At that point I was so glad to be leaving that I just smile and celebrated a little extra after work.

        1. L.*

          Uuuugh god I hope they don’t do that to me. I’m kiiinda hoping to be done early tbh. If they don’t find another few “urgent projects” that need finishing.

          1. designbot*

            yeah, ‘just say no.’ I was late to my own going away party at one place, and they even laughed at me for it! I was like welp, maybe you should’ve ramped down my involvement in some of these projects then…

        2. Sandman*

          I had the same thing happen at OldJob! Pretty sure they were taking advantage of my conscientiousness (and lack of work-related boundaries, maybe?), but it was so ridiculous.

    4. Bea*

      My last day at Job I Loved was hard emotionally but the transition weeks sucked, the person I trained was inept AF.

      The last day at my toxic job was wonderful, I was 110% no efs left and their sudden tasks or questions were easy enough to ramble off. They’re also stupid and had no transfer documents and a horrid temp dropped in as a replacement, so I just puddered along until I literally danced out the door.

      1. Marthooh*

        Things your should do BEFORE your last day on the job:

        1. Document the scope of your work and its processes; this includes training your replacement, if applicable.

        2. Document current projects.

        3. Ask your manager and coworkers about other ways to smooth the transition.

        4. NEW: Pick out a play list for literally dancing out the door at the end of your last day.

    5. Sunshine on a Cloudy Day*

      I think it should be more chill than insane, and the fact that it is insane for you is probably an additional sign that it was a good choice to leave.

      Two jobs ago – during my notice period I spent so much time documenting current procedures and I created a whole packet to hand off to my closest team member (in terms of work – not personally. She actually drove me out, but that a whole different storoy). This team member kept trying to give me more work. Finally on my second to last day I started responding to every email with to-dos (unless it was something that I could do quickly and would involve no follow up) I started responding with “I’d suggest you handle this, as tomorrow is my last day and I will not be here to xxxxxx”. I responded to multiple emails this way, but she kept sending tasks/to-dos. Then on my last day, around midday I handed over a list of open/pending items. She looked at me like I had two heads and asked me “well, what of this list, do you still plan to do?”. I wanted to scream “NONE OF IT B!@&$”.

      I was also contacted about a month after leaving by the dept head asking about something fairly important that I had very clearly marked/documented in like 3 different places. It felt good being able to respond with “It was in the packet of documents I left behind with Evil Team Member. It was the first document within the packet, oh and also left a digital copy in this public folder and email a copy of the digital file to Evil Team Member on my second to last day”.

      1. Mickey Q*

        After I received my final check, severance check and we had exchanged goodbye, great to work with you emails, my old boss kept delegating me tasks. He would text and ask if I had set up this week’s wire transfer or handled the such and such issue. I think he had alzheimers and forgot he cancelled my job. Now I’m afraid if I try to use him as a reference he will forget I even worked there (for 13 years).

        1. Bea*

          As someone who had a boss develop Alzheimer’s, this just gave me a lot of feelings. Depending on his age, he may just be forgetful it’s not necessarily dementia. I hope for him and his family he’s just forgetful.

          You should ask for a letter of reference because you’ll also run the risk he dies regardless. Unless the place is large enough to get another person to confirm you worked there? The comment makes me feel like it’s small business though.

      2. WillowSunstar*

        The person who replaced me at my last job 6 months ago still once in a while IMs me with questions, but we work for the same company. I wound up transferring to a different division.

    6. Can't Sit Still*

      If it’s insane and annoying, you’ve made the right decision, and you can leave without any regrets.

    7. lnelson1218*

      There was in my history a temp assignment coming to an end as the position was up for elimination and the other members of the team were going to take over (this was in an HR department). All lower members of the team were trying to figure out what the new procedures would be. Management did nothing.
      A few days before my last day, my “I am not even going to do my job” manager gave me a about a dozen folder of new employees. I asked who was going to take this over so I could show them what to do. His response was “oh let’s just handle it as business as usual” and smiled and walked away.
      I didn’t work out my last two days. What was the point in staying to transition the job if no one else was doing their part?
      Funny no one else who knew what an idiot that manager was blamed me for cutting my two week notice (very generous for a temp) two days short.

    8. SDSmith82*

      My last day at former job was like this. My boss had nearly a month’s notice I was leaving, didn’t post the job notice until two weeks before- and hired someone the Wednesday of my last week (so i had three days to train her). I was expected to shove as much at that poor lady as I could while we were both there.

      Not only that- but my “exit interview” with our out-sourced HR lady was in an open hallway, and kept me at work 30 min past what would have been my normal time to go home- even if it wasn’t my final day- AND everyone was listening while it was happening so I couldn’t really be honest- and that office needed brutal honesty. The only real reason that I went in that day instead of taking sick time I was going to lose, was to collect my check- and try to help new lady- former boss didn’t have the check, decided she would just direct deposit it instead for the following Monday (again, despite having 3 1/2 weeks notice)- and messed up the amounts by close to $1,000, which meant I had to come back to the office for a live check that next week. TALK ABOUT AWKWARD.

      Yeah.

    9. Bluebell*

      Oh honey, my job called me a month *after* I had started my new job to ask for a meeting about one of my projects.

  4. CurrentlyLooking*

    Surgeries while looking for a new job

    I will be having surgery soon and there is a decent chance that I will get a call back from a prospective employer during that time. Will it hurt my chances to tell them I am unavailable a particular week due to surgery?
    I don’t want to give the appearance that I am unhealthy but if I explain the type of surgery, I also may seem old. Additionally, there is a good chance that my arm may be in a sling if I go in for an interview the week following the surgery.

    1. Stormfeather*

      Could you just say you’re unavailable that week, and leave it at that?

      Or just maybe say something about “having arm surgery” (if that’s what it is since your arm is in a sling) and not go further? I mean that doesn’t really scream “unhealthy” in general and doesn’t go into the age thing. At least to me.

    2. Murphy*

      I might just say “medical procedure” which keeps it a little more vague. But I don’t think it would hurt your chances regardless. If they’re reasonable, they won’t push you for details and won’t think anything of it.

      I wouldn’t be surprised if they asked about the cast in person though, so I’d have a ready answer for that.

    3. Schnoodle*

      I wouldn’t think twice of a candidate telling me they’d be out for a surgery and would not be available during a certain time frame or that they would be in a sling afterwards and may have to come to an interview that way.

      I wouldn’t divulge specifics of the surgery or anything, just keep it as light as possible.

    4. Karo*

      I think you can get by with saying that you’re unavailable a given week without saying why. When I was scheduling my last job interview, their slots were all for a week I was going to be out of town. I just told them I was unavailable the week they were doing interviews and asked if they could accommodate an earlier or later day – that was it. If they press, you could simply say that you’re having a minor medical procedure done.

      As for arm in sling during an interview – again, I wouldn’t worry about it. They may ask if you’re okay, but no one’s going to be put off by it.

      Also, FWIW – the only surgery I can think of that reads as old is a hip replacement, and that’s just because of the trope – and I pretty quickly went to “but what if they’re just accident prone?”

    5. SpaceNovice*

      If it does hurt your chances… do you really want to work for that employer? (Unless you’re in a situation where you absolutely must have a new job for financial reasons.) Just be vague about being out recovering for surgery and if that nixes your chances, you’ve dodged a bullet.

    6. LKW*

      If you’re going to be under the knife and in recovery for a day (or two) as in under general anesthetic and doped up on painkillers then put a polite message on your voicemail that says that you’ll be dealing with a minor medical issue and you may be delayed in responding to calls but you’ll return calls as soon as possible. Arm in sling for an interview is no problem. Just be prepared for awkward handshakes if it’s your right hand.

    7. CurrentlyLooking*

      Thanks for the advice!
      The surgery is for rotator cuff (shoulder) – I spent many months in PT for it where I seemed to be the youngest person their with that type of problem which is making sensitive for it making me seem older.

      1. Sled dog mama*

        This seems to be a common thing where older people look to less invasive or less costly solutions first, and some younger people jump straight to the “just fix it so I can get on with my life” fix. Sometimes medical professionals contribute to this by offering surgery more readily to younger people. More often older people have multiple medical issues (called co-morbidities) that make surgery a bad choice for them so the population pursuing a non-surgical treatment to a problem that has a surgical treatment will almost always be skewed older.

      2. cactus lady*

        I had a similar shoulder surgery right after starting a new job and was out for about a week. I’m in a pretty public-facing role and my job requires meeting a lot of people, I’m also much younger than the average person having this procedure, and was in a sling too. I was worried that being out and in a sling would reflect poorly on me somehow, or get me behind on stuff, or any number of other anxieties. But it didn’t! My employer is pretty great, people were very understanding. It was actually a good litmus test for how happy I would be in the position. If they’d been weird about me needing to take time off (I tried to negotiate a later start date because the surgery was already scheduled, they really wanted me to start at a certain time for some required training, but told me to take off as much time as I needed to recover), or made me feel weird about meeting some really important folks when I was in a sling, that would’ve been a red flag. So don’t even worry about it – I was up front about shoulder surgery because the sling was so obvious, but you could just say medical procedure. When people asked what happened, I just said “I was injured and ended up needing surgery.”

        It’s easy to overthink, but I don’t think you need to worry too much! A good employer will be understanding.

      3. Nerfmobile*

        My dad had rotator cuff surgery when he was in his 30s, so I certainly don’t think of it as anything just for old people.

        1. Quinoa*

          My brother had that surgery when he was 27. He’s really active, and damaged it doing sports. So it’s definitely not an age thing.

  5. Cancer Crush Anon*

    Hi all. I haven’t updated in awhile.

    Some crazy things have happened. I’ve been rejected for about 4 jobs I was in the process of interviewing for. Killed my moral. My boyfriend just got a job in another city 2 hours away. It’s a phenomenal job and I’m very excited for him. Due to this, I’ve decided to start looking in his new city too. The opportunity isn’t here for me where I am now.

    I’m working with 3 recruiters from big name companies. All say that I should be hired quickly but I am not seeing anything from them. We signed a lease on a place on Monday, but I will not move down until I get a new job. Unfortunately, this is proving to take a lot longer than expected. I have been searching every single day since January 26th (when this happened).

    I’m debating looking into other careers or taking a lateral move in pay. I asked for feedback on the last interview I had and HR didn’t answer my question and just suggested other companies to try. I wish there was something like a career counselor for my job that could tell me what jobs I might be able to excel in. I’m very worried that I may have to take a pay cut.

    I have my performance review at my current company in the next few weeks, and I know my boss will say I am not doing well. It’s hard to do well at a company when the CEO tells you he has a crush on you. I’m afraid she will put me on a PIP.

    It may sound that I’m depressed about this, and honestly I am a little bit. But I am very excited for the new city. I’m excited to take this next step in my relationship and I am excited about the prospect of new jobs.

    1. Parenthetically*

      That’s just so much — and a lot of potential excitement! Fingers crossed for you. :)

      1. alice*

        Not OP (obviously) but I found this comment a bit condescending. I just wanted to point that out.

        Can you reach out to people in your network to get an idea of what other position exist with your skillset? Maybe join a meetup in the new city? At this point, I’d definitely look at a lateral move. It would be the best option, even for just a year while you keep looking. Best of luck.

        1. Cancer Crush Anon*

          I didn’t really find it condescending, personally. Just fyi.

          I’ve reached out to my friends/network in my current city but have not in the new city yet. I’m hesitant to tell people I’m moving to new city because I’ve been getting some judgmental comments about moving to live with bf.

    2. Schnoodle*

      Searching for less than 3 months isn’t really that much time really. I know some get it sooner than that, but stay patient.

      If you are not thrilled with your career path right now, I would try to dig deeper and think of what you might want to do instead, if schooling would be required, etc.

      1. Cancer Crush Anon*

        I have a master’s degree so I’m not planning on going back further :(

        I’ve always gotten jobs within the first month of searching, and I’m extremely anxious about going to work every single day due to the sexual harassment I endured. It sure feels like an eternity for me.

        1. SpaceNovice*

          Maybe there’s some regional variations in what employers are looking for? Regional interview styles? Resume styles? Etc. Or people could be applying for new jobs right now to make sure they move between the school year.

          I really wish you luck–although I haven’t commented before directly, I’ve been keeping an eye on your comments, and I hope you get out soon.

        2. Anion*

          Have you given them your boyfriend’s new address, or are you using the old one? I’m sure your cover letter or the recruiter explains that you’re planning to move, but I wonder if people are seeing your address in another city and thinking they want someone local to start right away, or something?

          Best of luck to you!

          1. Cancer Crush Anon*

            Hi! I’m doing all of the above.

            Before we signed the lease I said that I was in the process of relocating and would not need relocation assistance (as advised by a letter Alison answered years ago). My resume now says bf’s new address so that it is in the same city. Recruiters know and when I get phone interviews I’m letting them know that I’m in the process of relocating, will not need assistance, and getting down to that city is no problem.

    3. Lucky*

      I’m so sorry that you’re still dealing with the fallout of your terrible crushing CEO. How to address that issue and your company’s mismanagement of it during your performance review would be a great question for Allison.

      As for looking in your new city, have you approached any temporary placement/direct hire agencies? It sounds like you need to get out of bad job and move to your new city, so even a short-term placement would allow you to move and get your foot in the door at a new company. Then, network a bunch and hopefully move into something more permanent.

      Also, there are career counselors who work with a broad range of career areas. A good one can help you to drill down to your core skills/attributes and tell that story in your cover letters/resume. I worked with one a few years ago and she really helped me to figure out how to market myself. It’s been invaluable both in my job search since then, and in my current position.

      1. Cancer Crush Anon*

        I am working with 3 recruiters. I told them I’d be open to Contract to Hire, but not Contract…maybe I should tell them I’d be open to Contract too…I’m just afraid I won’t get a job after the 3/6/whatever months and that I won’t have benefits.

        Do I just search “career counselor CITY” ? I didn’t know if those things really existed past your college career center.

        1. Lucky*

          I tried to find my old career counselor to see what certifications she had, but I can’t locate her. Sorry. But in my search, I did see that Yelp and LinkedIn both had listings like “10 best career counselors in CITY,” so maybe you can start there. I would interview the ones that seem like a good fit, asking about methods and success stories. Mine was more of a coach than a counselor – a bit woo-woo, but she got the job done.

          Also, see if your alma mater(s) have any reciprocity with the universities in your new city, so you could use their career office. If you’re in STEM or some other specialized fields, they may be able to get you job listings or onto job boards to find positions or meet people you wouldn’t have access to otherwise.

          I will be waiting for your future “got a job, so long crush CEO” update.

        2. Ali G*

          Yes! There are real career counselors out there and this is exactly what they are for. Recruiters will try to find you a job based on the skills you currently demonstrate and what you say you want to do. A counselor will look at your skill set and help you figure out how you can leverage them to do a broader range of things, or help you figure out your next move if you want to transition careers.
          I’m sorry, your situation sucks. I really hope it improves for you.

        3. Tuckerman*

          You should still be able to access the career services department, where you got your degrees.

    4. Bea*

      Looking 2hrs away is a great way to explain why you’re leaving, it saved me a lot of suffering awhile back. So I hope expanding your radius pushes you beyond this horrible place.

      1. Cancer Crush Anon*

        Yes, exactly. And CEO has a lot of “guilt” about this, so me saying “oh well bf got a job that’s why I’m leaving” may spare me from his “guilt apologies” further since I’ve already had 2 of those.

    5. Hillary*

      Good luck – fingers crossed for you.

      During my last job search I moved up to middle management, and I was kind of amazed at how much longer the process took. I had to keep reminding myself that the senses of urgency are very different between the company and the candidate.

      On another note, you might not know that the benefits picture can vary dramatically with specialist agencies. I spent a couple years contracting for one that mostly places engineers (i.e. if you need an experienced engineer to fix a problem on an off shore oil rig, they’ve got a guy) and their benefits were comparable to most of the small companies I’ve worked at. My boyfriend’s a contractor, his benefits are better than what my last company offered.

    6. sunshyne84*

      I think you’re anxiety is coming across in interviews that’s why they couldn’t give you any feedback. Is it possible to just move and be without a job for a bit or take some time off? You sound like you really need a break and I think it would help to get your mind off that as much as possible so you can put your best self forward in those interviews. Best wishes!

      1. Cancer Crush Anon*

        I get what you’re saying but I’m not sure if it’s that obvious. I do pretty well in interviews, and I sort of view it as a role, like if I were acting (which I do!). I’ve actually complimented the CEO in a few of the interviews -gag-. But it could be a factor. I’ve reached out to a career coach on LinkedIn like others were suggesting above and a lot of them seem to offer video mock interviews so maybe that might be something worth checking.

        Unfortunately I do have a mortgage and I’m pretty much living paycheck to paycheck, I don’t think I can take time off and still afford life.

        1. Slartibartfast*

          Some states allow unemployment if you quit under conditions that would make most reasonable people quit. If your state offers that, it might be an option for you. Downside is that the burden of proof would be on you. Being fired for poor job performance won’t necessarily disqualify you either, if you do end up on pip. Might be worth looking into, just for peace of mind. The unknown is always scariest.

    7. designbot*

      Making a lateral move in pay isn’t the worst thing, especially if there are other benefits that come with it—like getting away from a toxic boss, better work culture generally, or something more concrete like better benefits or title. I’ve made a couple of lateral moves in the past and while my pay isn’t going to wow anybody I’m now positioned exactly where I want to be and consider it worth it.

  6. AlexandrinaVictoria*

    What recourse do you have if you think you are not being advanced in your career due to disability and use of intermittent FMLA, though no one is stupid enough to say that because they know it’s illegal? Looking for suggestions, please.

      1. lazuli*

        Are there disability rights groups in your area? They may have suggestions for local agencies that can help, too.

    1. fposte*

      Do you mean legal recourse or are you looking for other strategies? For the legal recourse, you can talk to a lawyer whenever you want and find out more about what the lawyer would need to know to pursue the question. For the strategies, your best possibility is probably to start looking elsewhere, but if facts align you can use them to advocate for yourself: “I reached the same goals that the other Teapot Techs reached and they were promoted but I wasn’t. Can you give me some insight into what I’d need to do beyond the standard goals, and if there’s a concern about my performance that we should talk about?”

    2. Former Retail Manager*

      Have to agree with fposte….more than likely time to move on. If this pattern has been present for an extended period, like years, then I’d strongly consider moving on. Quite honestly, if the promotions that you are/were seeking involve you managing others, meeting certain deadlines, being present at key meetings, etc. and your disability prevents that, be it with or without ample notice, I can understand the concern of management. It can be hard to accomplish things when the person responsible or in charge is unable to come in at the last minute due to a health concern. Please don’t feel like I’m criticizing you, but you’ve gotta look at it from their perspective as well. If what I mentioned isn’t the case and your disability and FMLA time would have no impact on the position, then they’re certainly being unfair, but regardless, your current company seems to have made up their mind about you and unless your disability goes away, I can’t see that changing. Best to see what else is out there if you can.

  7. Employer retroactively decreasing pay*

    So this is more of a legal question but I’m hoping someone might have some insight.

    I was given a promotion and raise effective March 1. It was a significant ($7000) raise, and today was supposed to be my first paycheck. I have a job offer in writing with the salary, title, and effective date.

    Last night my boss (the VP of HR who reports directly to the president) told me that he “wasn’t authorized” and that the raise isn’t happening. Even worse, he told me my check today would be with the raise, but my next check will have deductions to make up for the difference between the raise and my previous pay.

    So I know retroactively decreasing pay is illegal as hell. My question is, would this qualify as constructive discharge in terms of qualifying me for unemployment if I resigned?

    1. Trout 'Waver*

      That’s so specific on your state (assuming you’re in the US) and even local judge. You’ll have to talk to an employment lawyer in your local jurisdiction.

        1. Employer retroactively decreasing pay*

          Yes, I have an official offer letter with the salary and effective date.

          1. RVA Cat*

            Do you have anything in writing rescinding the raise and spelling out the deductions? Maybe talk to payroll to see if they have documentation.

          2. Schnoodle*

            Then you have some ground here…it may burn some bridges though. It’s up to you to balance the pros and cons, but I would be soooo PO’d to suddenly have a lower salary than agreed to.

    2. RVA Cat*

      That is outrageous! Talk to a lawyer.
      In the meantime, is it possible for you to take PTO during the next pay period while you get this sorted?

      1. Employer retroactively decreasing pay*

        I already took today off. Tbh I don’t know if I am ever going back. I was originally supposed to get this promotion/raise in January.

    3. Millennial Lawyer*

      That is so shady! My legal advice is to not rely on legal advice on this sub and instead consult an attorney.

      For your question in particular I also recommend looking at the U.S. Department of Labor website and your state’s DOL website, it probably has good resources for this situation.

    4. Anon for now*

      Eligibility for unemployment varies state to state. Look into your state’s requirements and be prepared to defend it to the unemployment agency if you get denied and have to appeal. I would avoid using legal terms of art like “constructive discharge” and stick to the facts of what happened if you represent yourself (and most people do in unemployment appeals). If you are denied and the company has a lawyer for an appeal, probably worth having one yourself so they don’t dominate the hearing.

      On the backwages… are you owed $7,000 right now, or would that have been spread out over a year (like it’s really about $600 right now?) I think that would influence my decision on how far to pursue it.

      Good luck. This totally blows.

    5. Bea*

      Talk to BOLI, do not quit without solid legal advice.

      They screwed up by putting it in writing.

      I think they think they’re safe because they are acting like they didn’t give you a raise, they’re acting like it’s an overpayment. If you are overpaid in error, they can make you give it back, that’s not decreasing pay.

      1. I'm Not Phyllis*

        I’m not a lawyer, but this is where I sit with it too. This isn’t an overpayment that they’re looking for repayment on, this was a raise that they agreed to (in writing, no less) that they’re now trying to claw back. Run, don’t walk, to a lawyer’s office.

    6. Yetanotherjennifer*

      You’ve got an awfully long delay between doing the work and getting paid for it. If you wanted to buy some time and hopefully some money, you could take the ‘we’re on the same team’ approach that Alison often recommends when first pushing back on something possibly illegal and mention that you’ve already done the work for that paycheck and wouldn’t the claw back be considered a retroactive pay decrease and get the company in trouble. can’t hurt and it might allow you to at least keep the raise for a short while.

      1. RVA Cat*

        Good thought.
        Another angle to take – if your boss wasn’t authorized to give you the raise, doesn’t that mean he also wasn’t authorized to promote you? If you’re being busted down to your previous salary you shouldn’t be expected to take on the new duties.

      1. Wannabe Disney Princess*

        Thank you!

        It would shave at least ten minutes off my commute each way. They do reviews every 6 months (with salary increases, if applicable). And they pay for your insurance.

        I kind of can’t believe I’m in the running for it.

        1. ThatGirl*

          IIRC, you’re in the Chicago suburbs, same as me — I got a shorter commute last year and let me tell you it does actually make a difference :) My fingers are crossed for you!

        2. Anion*

          You’re in the running for it because they think you can do it and that you deserve to have a great job with great benefits. And they’re RIGHT! So go get ’em!

          Best of luck to you (you won’t need it, I’m sure)!

  8. One That Loved Not Wisely*

    I applied for what is basically my dream job and now have an interview set up, hurray! However, I am struggling with explaining my work history. Relevant job timeline:

    A little over a year in position X, in beloved homestate.
    Moved to hell state for bf’s job.
    6 months in temp job.
    10 months in terrible job, with ridiculous overtime.
    8 months in nice job that I liked.

    Break up with bf. Move back to homestate.

    9 months in nice job that I liked.

    Get back together with bf. Move back to hell state. Look for jobs. Don’t get a job, break up again (and to quote Ms. Swift, we are never, ever, ever getting back together).

    Move back to homestate, get hired back on to position X that I had in the very beginning.

    I have a 10 month gap between jobs in homestate. Do I have to tell them I moved out of state and came back? Ex had a job where moving a lot was fairly typical, but my resume just looks like a job hopper. Would it be weird to say that I moved a lot for my ex’s job but we’re not together any more? I have a lot of feels about the moves and our relationship so I know I’ll have to practice on how to address my work history, but I have yet to find a good way to frame it.

    1. Anonymous Educator*

      I’m confused. Are you looking for a job now? Or are you asking if you need to tell position X that you moved out of state and came back?

      1. One That Loved Not Wisely*

        I’m currently employed at position X- since I had already worked there, I didn’t have to interview at all. I’ve been there for 4 months now. I haven’t really been job searching because my resume looks so messy, but I did see a posting for my dream job, applied, and now have an interview. But I don’t know how to address the short stints of work, especially the gap between my last job and current job, during which I over out of state, but never got a job.

    2. Murphy*

      I might say something like “My previous partner was in a career where moving around was common, but I am back in [homestate] and definitely looking to stay.”

      1. MuseumChick*

        I like this. It’s explains why your resume looks messy without getting to much into your personal life. You could even say, “Due to my previous partner’s career we moved frequently. Now I’m looking to settle here.”

    3. Schnoodle*

      I wouldn’t even say the word ex or boyfriend. Just say you unfortunately had to move around for personal or family reasons, but are now happy to make Homestate home again and looking for stability.

    4. WorkingOnIt*

      As everyone else has said moving for partner, now planning to stay here longterm, but ultimately they can’t be that worried as they’re interviewing you and I’m assuming you provided your resume, they wouldn’t be interviewing you if it was a major concern.

      1. TootsNYC*

        chiming in late, but I agree w/ WorkingOnIt:
        They can’t be too worried about it, since they called,.

        But they will want some explanation–when I had a lot of short stints, people did. Normally, I just ran down the list. But for you, I might say, “I relocated a couple of times because of my relationship, but I’m definitely settled here now.”
        Those 10 months without work are covered in that–if they zero in on it, simply say, “It wasn’t as easy to get work in that state; that’s part of why I want to stay settled here in this state.”

        You’ve got a plus in that you were hired back at a place you’d worked before, which is always a good sign (that classic question they ask references: “Would you hire them again?” is already answered).

        If anything, they might be more concerned about your leaving after 4 months. For that, I’d say, “Well, I want more stability, and I’d been planning to stay longer, but I also always keep an eye on what’s happening in the job market, and this particular opening was really appealing.”

  9. Murphy*

    The higher ups in my office are conducting some kind secret interview. It’s marked “private” on all the calendars, and our office manager won’t tell me (which is totally fine). But my curiosity is piqued! I wanna know!

    1. hermit crab*

      Oooh, I know the feeling. Though last time something like that happened in our office, it resulted in a wave of layoffs. :(

      1. Murphy*

        I don’t think it’s that! I’m wondering if someone higher up is leaving and they just haven’t told us plebs yet.

      2. Hills to Die on*

        It’s usually layoffs or a major project or company strategy shift / rebranding. Or it could be a merger, major purchase of another company / by another company. It could be a change to the executive positions as well. The rumor mill should start up soon enough!

        1. Murphy*

          We are in some kind of restructuring I know. We’re the Office of QWERTY and RTY is becoming its own thing. I’m firmly in Q, so I didn’t expect much change for our leadership, but who knows?

    2. Bea*

      Sounds like they’re firing someone important. Voldemort started having these secret meetings when he was deleting jobs and when he secretly replaced a guy who nobody knew was getting replaced.

      1. Murphy*

        Well I’m not important and my boss was one of the people sitting in, so I’m going to try not to worry about it. (I’m more curious than worried anyway.)

    3. designbot*

      It may just be that they’re hiring someone who knows other people at the company but doesn’t want their job search to be public. My company does this so often that we have a conference room that’s used primarily for this purpose and clients with NDAs.

  10. Detective Amy Santiago*

    I got the job I wanted!!! I start May 7th. It’s about a 20% pay increase and 95% less dealing with people so I’m pretty excited.

    Had my pre-employment physical this morning and I think the only other outstanding item is my high school transcript (which IDEK why they need but they do).

    Thanks to Alison for all the great advice here and thanks to all the commenters who have been supportive during my search!

      1. Detective Amy Santiago*

        Well, that’s clearly a sign! I will transfer the good mojo to you for your interview :)

      1. Detective Amy Santiago*

        Was there ever an update to that crazy Reddit thread you shared last week?

  11. Rob in Tech*

    Hi folks. I have a question about employment verification. I also have a secondary question about references.

    I left my last job in less than ideal circumstances. I willingly resigned, but I was not on good terms with my manager.

    The employer in question is a megacorp that handles payroll internally. I never received my W-2s, and have been struggling with them to get it since February: the company insists that they sent the W-2 and is dragging their feet in sending a replacement. I called the IRS, but still no W-2.

    The W-2 and my pay stubs should be available on their HR portal, but I don’t have HR portal access. My account is locked, and the tier IT support procedure is to say “we’re escalating this up the chain, expect an email within 24 to 48 hours” and immediately hang up.

    This isn’t a conspiracy against me, just laziness from a few people who are all conveniently placed. Regardless of that, the fact remains that I have no pay stubs or W-2s for this job. I’m worried about getting a reputation as a troublemaker, and that coloring what their HR department has to say about me.

    I’m not sure what to do about this and I am growing worried. Any advice would be greatly appreciated. Thank you!

    1. Q without U*

      This info is geared toward people who need their W-2 for tax purposes, but should work for you:

      Contact the IRS at 800-829-1040 if you have not yet received your W-2. Be prepared to provide your name, address, Social Security number and phone number. You should also have the following information when you call:
      • Your employer’s name, address and phone number;
      • Your employment dates; and
      • An estimate of your wages and federal income tax withheld in 2012, based upon your final pay stub or leave-and-earnings statement, if available.

      As I understand it, the IRS will call the employer and advise them to send you your W-2.

      1. SNARK*

        “The employer in question is a megacorp that handles payroll internally. I never received my W-2s, and have been struggling with them to get it since February: the company insists that they sent the W-2 and is dragging their feet in sending a replacement. I called the IRS, but still no W-2.”

        1. zora*

          I would still call the IRS a second time. They likely have a procedure for escalating when there is a second call and still no W-2. Or at least someone there should be able to give you some advice on what to do.

          Second step, I would maybe call some employment lawyers and ask for a free consultation to see if this is something they can help with?

        1. Rob in Tech*

          Assuming that’s from an IRS or accounting software page from 2012.

          I was in college in 2012. :)

    2. Wheezyweasel*

      You’re probably the 100th person to have this issue at a MegaCorp. I bet there have been people calling about this issue since W-2s were first issue in the portal – maybe before Y2K. If they can’t make the effort to change a broken policy, I doubt anyone is going to seek out HR and say ‘wow, Rob is a real jerk for wanting his W-2’s. HR, if they have a shred of professionally, won’t think that your legal requirement to file income taxes is an unprofessional request either.

      1. Happy Lurker*

        If they can’t get you your W2, chances are the reference inquiry will be returned with “worked here from Date X to Date y”.
        I wouldn’t worry about your reputation with past HR departments that are large and inept.

    3. Garland not Andrews*

      First – file for an extension on your taxes. You can estimate taxes based on your last December 2017 pay stub.
      Request a copy of your W-2’s from the IRS. You won’t get it until like August, but you will get it.
      I had to do this a few years ago with the company I had worked for went bankrupt and the wrapping up folks just didn’t send out the W-2’s.

      Good luck!

      1. Bea*

        She doesnt have pay stubs :(

        Reminder to everyone to keep these things, print them, never rely on your employer. I’ve seen mega corps with garbage HR too many times. I hate electronic pay stubs with all my heart.

        1. Evil HR Person*

          +1 Bea!

          Except, I HATE paper more than anything, so I keep an electronic copy of my pay stubs where I can find them no matter if the company goes belly-up tomorrow.

          1. Bea*

            True true, I forget others can save pdfs of stubs! I work with a lot of older folks, our general policy is to have everyone log into their portals for them. I’ve printed off many for people who don’t do computers well, oop.

        2. TootsNYC*

          This is a reminder I need–I was just realizing, reading this dilemma, that I wouldn’t have pays stubs, because they’re not pushed out to us–not even as emails. I have to go get them and print them out.

    4. Jadelyn*

      It depends on the type of employment verification. At my org, HR verifies dates of employment, rates of pay, and rehire eligibility in general terms – not, “would you actually want to rehire this person?” but “is there anything barring this person from being rehired?” for things like theft, unethical conduct, harassment, etc. – but it’s not like we’re providing in-depth references on quality of work or character.

      If you were planning on using that company’s HR or your old manager as a *reference*, that would be different, but for simple VOEs I doubt it will affect anything. We’ve had a few “problem children” former EEs that we’ve gotten employment verifications for, including one who had threatened to sue us because he was unhappy at being laid off (like, nobody enjoys that, but it’s your whole branch, not just you, we’re closing that location completely and it’s nothing personal) – and we just fill in the facts regardless. This person was, in fact, considered eligible for rehire, since his termination was a layoff, not for cause.

      1. Rob in Tech*

        That’s nuts. I haven’t done anything like that… I know how it sounds, but it was more a severe personality conflict with a new manager that came in after my old one quit, and I will own up to not doing enough to make it work.

        1. Jadelyn*

          And that’s fair – but it really shouldn’t affect basic verifications of employment/income. That’s more of an issue if you’re trying to use them as a reference, and in a big company the HR staff doesn’t even know the line staff directly anyway, so they really couldn’t provide much info.

          1. Rob in Tech*

            So my worry is that HR just won’t pick up the phone, because they’ve done that to me in the past.

            That’s happened before with other places I worked. I just gave them first and last month’s pay stubs plus my W-2. Here I don’t have either.

            What I do have is my signed offer letter and bank statements.

    5. Bea*

      This is a mega corp, I encourage another talk with the IRS. They shouldn’t be giving you a reference anyways, the HR staffers do not know you personally. They should only verify employment and it’ll be dry and scripted, you’re not standing out in anyone’s mind. I promise this is standard practice at that size.

      Only people who worked directly with you should be giving true references.

    6. Evil HR Person*

      Not sure what you can do about your W-2’s, other than to advise you to always keep your pay stubs handy no matter where they’re usually kept. Going forward, that’s something you should do. Like forevermore. You can submit your taxes by using your last pay stub of the year, and amend thereafter if you eventually get the W-2. Not giving you the W-2 is on MegaCorp – but not keeping your pay stubs handy is on you, I’m afraid.

      As for HR, unless you did something SO egregious that they HAVE to say something (like you assaulted somebody, or broke the law in some other way) an HR department in MegaCorp is not going to take the time to give the next employer a detailed reference. They don’t have the time, for one. For two, they know it’s always safer to verify your employment than to give a reference – that’s standard HR procedure to protect the company and to keep things the same for all former employees so that the company can’t be accused of favoritism, or worse: discrimination.

      1. Rob in Tech*

        I’ll own up to not being diligent enough with the pay stubs. I’m going to keep pestering the IT folks about unlocking my HR portal account, because they’ll be useful.

        Didn’t do anything egregious at the company. My boss quit and his replacement openly disliked me, so I started looking and handed in my resignation after I signed an offer. I see what I could’ve done differently and I’m applying those lessons going forward, but it was pretty basic stuff. I worry about the HR side because it’s a struggle to get any sort of response from the company’s HR. For example, it took them 10 days to respond to my request for ADA accommodations (schedule modifications so I could go for physical therapy).

        I do have my signed contract and this company is probably the most unpopular organization in my state, so we’ll see.

        1. Bea*

          You did nothing wrong!! When others ask why you left it’s simple “I left for another opportunity”.

          You gave notice after getting a new job. Let this place fade from your memory as soon as you get you documentation.

          And drag these fools through the mud, they don’t get to brush you off. Their HR is garbage if they can’t even get you a w2…it’s APRIL.

    7. Me--Blargh*

      Most companies just contact HR and they say “Yes, Bob worked here from this date to that date.” If it’s a large company, that may be all they’re allowed to say.

      About the W-2s and pay stubs, I don’t know. Maybe a polite but firm letter from a lawyer could spur them to get this done.

    8. Yetanotherjennifer*

      I agree with the others that say that you’re probably not MegaCorp’s only victim and that you’re likely not to stand out much by pressing the issue, but you’re also not likely to get them to budge on your own. If you’re in contact with other employees or better yet, former employees, see if any others are having trouble. You may be more effective as a group. I know you didn’t ask any tax questions, but it’s the most productive advice I can offer. If you had any paystubs from 2017, you could multiply that by the number of payperiods to cover the year, file for an extension and pay the taxes you would owe based on that data. Since you don’t, I’d call the IRS back, report MegaCorp’s continued obstinance, and ask what they recommend you do about your taxes. The key is to file the extension on time and pay something if you normally owe, even if it’s based on what you owed for 2016. You get points for making a good faith effort. And eventually, the IRS should be able to send you your w-2 data and you can completely bypass MegaCorp. Also, don’t forget your state taxes. I don’t know where states get their income data, but it’s worth a phone call to see if they maybe have your info. Document everything everyone tells you. I hope you get something soon!

    9. Former Retail Manager*

      IRS employee here with advice about the W-2/tax side of things, not the reputation bit, although I personally think it sounds like megacorp is so large that the left hand doesn’t know what the right is doing.

      The deadline for all employers to submit all W-2’s to SSA was January 31, 2018. SSA processes them and then they are transmitted to the IRS where the amounts submitted to SSA are reconciled against the amounts filed by the employer with the IRS. However, this process can take anywhere from a few months to up to 18 months, according to my internal contact who is familiar with that process. From what my contact can surmise, the process has slowed down in recent years due to additional steps/safeguards that have been put in place due to identity theft/hacking.

      If I were you, I’d do the following:
      — File an extension immediately (prior to 4-17-18). This will give you 6 additional months.
      — Remember that an extension to file is not an extension to pay. If your withholding won’t fully cover your tax due. then you’ll need to make a payment with your extension. Otherwise, you’ll be hit with a failure to pay penalty when you eventually file. It wouldn’t likely be a large penalty, but why pay any penalties if you don’t have to.
      — Call the IRS customer service number again (1-800-829-1040) and ask them again to see if a W-2 is on file for 2017 (Note: You can also use the “Get Transcript” function available online to request various types of information including wage and income information (i.e. W-2’s & 1099’s))
      — I’d personally give them until about May or June at the latest (the employer that is) and if you still can’t get a copy from them via your various actions, I’d mention possible legal action because, at that point, their refusal to provide you with your documents are inhibiting your ability to comply with federal tax law.

      And as others have said….please print or otherwise save your pay stubs. P.S. I’m guilty of not doing it too.

      1. Rob in Tech*

        In fairness, I was going through a depression at the time, and I’m typically very meticulous about keeping records. Also in fairness, getting off my butt and doing stuff like this would’ve helped me get over it quicker.

        I’m going to look at the transcript function now. I don’t think they would’ve messed that up. Thank you!

  12. E*

    Just went on my first work trip (3 days, same country, no time differences) and I’m exhausted. I was excited about it when it was first booked, but now I’m quite happy to stay put in the office and be able to go home every night to my own bed. Respect to those who can do it on a regular basis!

    1. Kathleen_A*

      I find work trips exhausting, too. I usually only do them 2-4 times/year, and that’s plenty. I mean, I usually have a reasonable amount of fun (e.g., nice meals, hanging out with colleagues, etc.), but still…yeah, that nice familiar office and nice familiar home are hard to beat!

    2. LKW*

      When you do it all the time it becomes pretty normal. Unless there are long delays, then it becomes exhausting again.

    3. Green Goose*

      I have to travel about 12-15 days out of the year and I remember on my first one or two trips I tried to jam pack every minute of my trip for meetings and work and it left me pretty stressed and tired. Now I try to go for a longer period of time so the trip isn’t so go-go-go and now I like travelling for work much more and I feel like I get a lot more out of my trips.

      If you have control over this, maybe try to give yourself blocked off “down time” during your trip.

    4. Eye of Sauron*

      I used to get really jealous about all those people who were getting upgrades at the airport… now I just think “You poor bast#rd” and feel sorry for them.

      It does get a little easier and more routine as you get used to it and it becomes regular, but that ramp up can hurt.

      I’m lucky that most of my travel can be driven ~4 hours away by car and I’ve become known at the hotel I stay at. Why yes the nice man at the hotel will have coffee waiting for me in the morning in hand when he knows I’m there, and I don’t actually have to say out loud my breakfast order.

      During the summers I’m usually on the road ~50% of the time. My summer season starts next week I’m afraid.

  13. miyeritari*

    Does anyone have any recommendations for a temp agency (for me to hire a temp)? SFBay preferred, but national is fine too.

    1. Trout 'Waver*

      I’ve always gotten good customer service from Aerotek, but they do charge more for it.

      1. Oxford Coma*

        NO. I got royally, royally screwed by these con artists! My company has since blacklisted them. We now use Synerfac.

      2. Detective Right-All-The-Time*

        Same, my guy at Aerotek is fantastic. He’s in the Sacramento area though, so I can’t speak to the SF office. They charge more, but we get exponentially more candidates and better service from them. We’ve had them even come on-site to check in on their people and make sure they’re performing to expectations.

    2. Detective Amy Santiago*

      Depends on what kind of temp you’re looking for! Some agencies specialize in certain industries.

      1. zora*

        This. It depends on your industry. Best bet is to ask around in your industry.

        But if you are looking for admins, I’ve had great experiences working for Scion Staffing as an employee.

          1. zora*

            But industry is also relevant. Like, what kind of customer service, is this a tech company? Accounting/finance? Retail? do some google searches for like “staffing agency finance” and see what comes up. Staffing agencies in the bay area tend to specialize.

    3. Jadelyn*

      I’m in the Bay Area and we usually use OfficeTeam/Accountemps/Robert Half for our temp needs.

      1. Bea*

        Seconding this. I worked for them fifteen years ago and vet pretty good folks.

        Do not use anyone who isn’t specializing in what you’re looking for though. We got laborers and CSRs from the same place, it was epic failure in both departments. You want someone who’s not screening anyone for skills.

    4. NorthCalifHR*

      We use Aerotek for technical, Robert Half for accounting/finance, and OfficeTeam (part of the RHalf group) for administrative/marketing/clerical. And we’re also SFBA – Contra Costa County. Good luck!

    5. KatieK*

      If you’re looking for something in the work areas they cover, I’ve had great experience (hiring and working freelance) with Creative Circle

  14. Nervous Accountant*

    Did we mess up?

    If your boss emails you “you did a bad job”, do you just ignore it or respond back? I would always think you should respond back and it’s inconceivable that something like that is ignored but idk now.

    A client complained that a return was prepared incorrectly.. the reviewer (my mgr) spoke to him and client admitted he provided incorrect information and he understood how we prepared it..

    Boss emails mgr saying that the return was not reviewed at all–basically implying that he didn’t do his job/did a bad job.

    He sends her back an email saying that he did review it and how his conversation w the client went.

    She writes back “OMG why are you wasting precious time arguing with me about how I’m wrong????!?!!!”

    [*I* read that and my heart dropped, I can’t even imagine what he felt reading that.]

    I mean…she has a point–it’s busy and we need to work on returns, that’s priority! I felt/feel bad b/c I should have seen that as well. But I gave him the advice based on knowing that she does have a history of getting upset if you don’t respond back to her ASAP. And she’s given him a hard time in the past for emails that were “too abrupt” for her.

    Another thing that really upset me is that for years, she’s always trashed our team and praised her own team and gives my mgr a hard time about our team, yet this time she says “we’re all on the same team!”

    Other ppl read the email and thought what he said was fine and her response was way too harsh. It just feels like we can’t win w/ her.

    (also if anyone wonders why I’m so involved in this, it’s b/c I work closely w my manager on our team so….I care).

    1. Curious Cat*

      If my boss ever emailed me that I did poorly, I’d want to set up a time to touch base face-to-face and really discuss what went wrong and what can happen better in the future. But it sounds like Boss in your situation is a biiiit toxic and all over the place, so I’d proceed with caution. I say still respond (looks worse to ignore it), perhaps with a general apology & ask if she wants to discuss it more in person?

    2. Bea*

      I think that this time of year everyone is on edge completing returns so tempers will always flare up.

      I would stay out of it and maybe if there’s still bad feelings flying after crunch time is over, there can be face to face talks to squash the beef.

    3. Master Bean Counter*

      I would have emailed back that I wanted to discuss this, but could it wait until after next Tuesday? The stress level is too high in any office that does taxes to have any off-topic rational discussion. And by off-topic I mean not relating to a return that is currently being prepared.

    4. hbc*

      If she thinks it’s a waste of time to get into how wrong he is, she shouldn’t have written the email in the first place.

      Not much you can do about the fact that she’s being hypocritical, but maybe during a busy period it can be more like “The client’s not giving you the full picture, maybe we can do a post-mortem after we’re done with crunch time, or I can write you a summary.”

      But if she gets mad at him for being abrupt, and she gets mad at him for going on too long, and she’d probably get mad at not having the concern addressed, there’s no way to win.

      1. Hills to Die on*

        Yeah, she’s just a jerk. If your manager were to reply back and say something succinct, clarifying and professional, she probably just wouldn’t answer anyway. Some people are just assholes.

    5. zora*

      No, you’re in a no-win situation with a toxic boss.

      If our big boss did the same thing and the account lead wrote the email your manager did, she would say, “Oh, great. Thank you for handling. Let’s schedule time to talk later to see if there’s anything I should do to follow up with the client, or anything we could have done differently.”

      His response is not “Arguing” it’s giving her information she didn’t have, and a good boss is glad to have that information.

    6. Llama Grooming Coordinator*

      Like…I’d say this was terrible, but also I looked at the calendar and it’s April 13th. She really shouldn’t have sent that, but I understand because she probably feels like her hair is on fire right now.

      But also she’s not pleasant to deal with on a regular basis, from what it sounds like.

      Either way…like from your account she’s totally wrong. But also, if you can’t win with her, why try to? Do the best job you can (which it sounds like your manager did), and ignore the woman sending mildly unhinged emails with multiple punctuation marks at work like she’s posting on a message board circa 2003. She’s either mad about something that doesn’t involve your team (And it’s not your problem) or she has personal issues with your team (And it’s NOT YOUR PROBLEM).

    7. Nervous Accountant*

      You all make excellent points.

      However, whenever a client complains, no matter what it’s about, we have to address it ASAP. We get tickets that come in and if it’s not addressed in 15-20 minutes we all get an email from boss that someone needs to get on it ASAP. So that’s why w couldn’t really say “let’s talk about this on Wednesday”. We had to look in to what happened and why it happened.

      I am honestly not sure if this is the norm in other offices as this is the first one I’ve worked in (4 years now).

      1. LKW*

        If I understand the situation – the client complained. The Boss sends Mgr an email. Mgr calls client. Boss emails again? Mgr emails boss. Boss flips? Did I get that right? If so, then the Mgr should have emailed boss and client together right after talking to client outlining that they have discussed the matter and mgr explained the situation and the client understands the issue. That would have put a stop to all of this.

        1. Nervous Accountant*

          Client complained. Mgr called client, client was happy. Boss emails again and mgr responds and boss flips out. Mgr sent a short email apologizing and that was that.

          1. LKW*

            Next time – Mgr should get ahead of boss and email that it’s been resolved and copy client so that the client has an opportunity to chime in and confirm. Or mgr can email client directly and say “base on our discussion… please let me know if your understanding is different…” and copy boss. That way, boss knows it’s resolved to the clients satisfaction.

          2. Boredatwork*

            Boss is insane – all your manger did was inform the “boss” about a resolved client issue. Also – garbage in, garbage out. I feel like that exact phrase explains the ENTIRE situation.

            You can’t make clients provide reliable, usable data. Just ask client if you can extend the return, have them make a payment (if necessary) and call it a day!

    8. MLB*

      Tone is misinterpreted through email and something like this should have been done face to face. I realize it’s a busy time but I would have responded saying that I wanted to set up a meeting to discuss and left it at that.

      1. Nervous Accountant*

        They do interact face to face/telephone 99% of the time so I feel that should have softened the message but she was WFH that day. If we had said let’s discuss after, I don’t think she would have been happy about that either.

    9. CityMouse*

      I once had a boss who would interpret any kind of thing like that as an attack. It was a nightmare. I learned to tiptoe around her. The best way to deal with that kind of personality is to try to place the blame away from her, even if it it is her fault
      “Hey just letting you know the client gave you the wrong info here – they did X. We better watch this client carefully in the future, they tend to provide bad info.”

    10. valentine*

      Your boss shouldn’t be involving the team in a postmortem of his interactions with his boss. Given the client-is-always-right abuse and the manager’s behavior, have you looked for a better workplace?

    11. anonagain*

      Maybe I’m confused about what your respective jobs actually are, but I wouldn’t have thought that it was your role as an accountant to help your manager read social cues re emailing his own boss. I also wouldn’t have thought it was you or your coworkers’ job to read mean emails your manager gets from his boss and reassure him that he was okay. I am quite certain it’s not your job to keep a mental catalog of his interactions and the wrongs committed against him by his boss.

      I don’t know if your manager wasted his boss’s time, but it sure sounds like he wastes your time and energy.

  15. Bar Exam Question*

    A non-legal question for the AAM lawyers! If this veers too much into the personal category, let me know and I’ll repost tomorrow. I’m taking the bar exam this summer, and have an opportunity to see a friend that I haven’t seen in 6 years. The problem is, I would have to travel to her in late June/early July. I’d lose a little bit of one weekend (I’m hoping to swing my travel so I get in really late Friday and have Saturday and Sunday to study during the day and see my friend in the evening) and then half of the Monday to fly back. Is this an incredibly dumb idea? I’m getting really mixed messages – attorneys I know are like “Oh, you’ll be fine! You’ll have earned a break!” but they are all at least a decade removed from the bar and I’m worried they’re rose-colored-glasses-ing it. And then the bar exam advisor at my school would be firmly against it, but she’s also so concerned with pass rates and is basically trying to scare us into studying (she praised a student who skipped her grandfather’s funeral to study, so I can guess what her opinion on a social trip would be).

    I’d love to hear from people who’ve taken the bar in the past few years for their perspective – did you travel? Was it doable or did it create more stress?

    1. Temperance*

      Don’t do it. I took the bar exam 5 years ago, and that specific time period is when bar prep goes to shit. I remember having an actual crying fit because someone invited me to Quizzo the second week of July, thinking that my friend wanted me to fail the bar. (Seriously.)

      Can she come to see you? Travel is really rough normally, but travel during bar prep is hell. Seriously.

      1. CityMouse*

        I am trying to remember what we were studying around that time and I think it might have been state business organizations. *Shudder*. Give me a funny priest teaching us wills any day over that.

    2. CrackersandCoffee*

      As long as you are studying consistently for the rest of the summer, I totally think it’s ok to have one weekend enjoying yourself. It might even help to rejuvenate you—it’s a brutal grind and you need moments of fun and happiness. I wouldn’t have done it personally, but I honestly kind of feel like I overstudied for the bar. And I just found out yesterday that I passed it!

      1. CrackersandCoffee*

        Oh, but maybe I should add that the pass rate for my bar exam was only 35%. So now I’m feeling conflicted about my advice. Honestly to be on the safe side you shouldn’t do it—I know people who failed by a single point, and they were typically people who were more apt to treat themselves to, say, the occasional concert rather than hunkering down and studying.

    3. Trout 'Waver*

      My partner is an attorney, and we were dating when they were studying for the bar. Let me give it from my perspective:

      People studying for the bar are not good company. They are 100% preoccupied with bar prep. You should see your friend when you have the mental capabilities to relax and catch up with your friend. You will not have these capabilities while studying for the bar.

      1. AGK*

        I absolutely agree with this. My husband took the bar about two months ago (we’re waiting on results) and it was not pleasant to be around him. We tried to do an evening with friends a month before he took the exam and it was not a good idea. Your focus and attention will be elsewhere and you’ll be under enormous stress. Not a receipt for a good trip. However, we planned a small trip right after he took the exam and that was an awesome way to celebrate.

      2. Former Border's Refugee*

        Yes, this. Could you do it? Yes. Would it have minimal impact on your study time? …maaaaybe. Would you have fun? No. Would you be good company? Definitely not.

      3. BetsCounts*

        Seconding Trout ‘Waver. I am a CPA and I know the bar exam is crazier than the CPA exam, but there is no way I would have wanted to lose an entire weekend from studying, even if it was someone I hadn’t seen in a long time.

    4. Millennial Lawyer*

      You totally could and it probably would not affect your score. You will not fail because of one weekend. But *YOU* are not going to want to. Trust me on that. You will regret agreeing to it because you will be really anxious and you will likely not enjoy your time, always thinking about how you need to be studying. I mean, I don’t know you, maybe you’re a very easy going person. But the bar exam changes everything.

      Also, someone skipping a funeral is absolutely bananas and I can’t believe someone would be so deranged as to convince someone that is the right thing to do.

    5. Teapot librarian*

      I worked full time while studying for the bar. (I took the February exam after graduating in May; I didn’t know where I was going to be living.) Would I recommend it? No. Was it doable? Yes. So I think a few-day travel break is likely fine.

      1. Ugh*

        I did the same, I only took off the 2 weeks before the bar. One weekend shouldn’t make or break you.

    6. Yolo*

      A friend of mine came to stay with me during her bar exam and we got to have a nice relaxing dinner the night before, she was really close to the test location, and she passed on the first try so I’m in favor of a little friend-time in the temporal vicinity of bar-taking :)

      1. Former Border's Refugee*

        I do recommend having a hard stop to when you are done studying- mine was sundown two days before the exam, so the full day before I was relaxing and resting up.

        (Also, if you can, schedule a massage for the evening of the first day of the exam. It made ALL the difference.)

        1. CityMouse*

          I went to a pub quiz the first night. Answering movie questions helped refresh my brain.

          For me, at least, day 2 was much much easier as I knew I had the MPRE in the bag. Essay day is so tough because you have no clue what they will throw at you (“A multi pronged law firm financial ethics question? Thanks bar examiners! Can I please figure out the easements on blackacre instead?”)

          1. Glomarization, Esq.*

            I similarly “took off” the first night of my bar exam. I figured I wasn’t going to be able to meaningfully study that night anyway, so I went out for a few hours with friends at a weekly gathering. Treated it like a school night, though, and went home on the early side.

      2. Temperance*

        The night before is kind of different, though, because you really need to relax and get your head right.

    7. Cookie*

      One weekend isn’t a huge deal. I took a Fourth of July long weekend to spend some time with my family, which was good because it was the last summer my sister and I lived in the same city as our mom – who knows when we’ll celebrate the 4th as a family again. Yes, bar study is stressful and there’s a lot of information to learn, but most of it should be a review and you do need to give yourself a break.

    8. Fiennes*

      I had a friend who took a brief weekend trip before the bar exam— which wasn’t so brief when he got caught in a travel nightmare that left him no time to study and barely allowed him to return in time for the test.

      And yet, for him, this turned out to be great! He’s a serious worry wart, forever psyching himself out, brooding with anxiety, etc. Having four days of mayhem when he couldn’t worry about the bar beyond the logistics of just getting there—for him, it wound up providing a kind of mental break. As he put it, at a certain point he HAD to relax and go with events. He got to the test in good mental shape and passed.

      This anecdote doesn’t bear directly on your situation, but i think it illustrates that there’s no one right answer on “what to do before the bar”—you have to know your own personality, habits and needs. Will you be someone who needs to study to the end to stay calm? Will you be badly fried and in need of a break? Where do you see yourself being at that point, and will the trip soothe or rattle you at that point?

    9. CityMouse*

      I missed one session and it was okay, I caught up. If you are doing Barbri, you can watch the lessons remotely, even if you are doing the in person class (if you can, I would highly, highly recommend it). It isn’t the worst, but it will be stressful and you will end up pulling some extra time. You should only miss two lectures, but could miss some outlining time. That’s about 40 hours to make up (Bar study really is about 10 hours a day, if not 12)

      The thing about the bar is that it really is a 24 hour a day thing. All that review and quizzes? Do every bit. Then outline what you have my stay studied. Combo your lecture notes and book notes into and outline. Seriously. You put the work in, you will almost certainly be fine, though, my friends who failed didn’t commit 100%.

    10. Glomarization, Esq.*

      If you go on this trip, you will have a miserable time because you will be worrying so much about the bar prep that you’re missing.

      Block off your post-graduation weeks of bar prep as a “gone fishin'” period and just follow the schedule your program gives you. Plan your trip(s) for after the bar.

    11. law talk*

      Just to air out the other side a little bit, I took the July 2014 bar. Before the exam, I traveled cross-country for one weekend for a wedding and another weekend for my college reunion. I also got married across the country from where I lived two weeks after the bar (the planning for that occupied a significant amount of my time that summer). Honestly, it was fine–I enjoyed both trips, didn’t find that they made my time at home overly stressful or crammed, and am glad I did them.

      That said, this is a “know yourself” kind of question. If I were you, I’d be thinking about how you studied in law school (I was a diligent 9-5 kind of student, not an all-waking-hours kind), what your school’s bar passage rate is (mine was quite high; if your school’s advisor is very present, I’m concerned that your school’s may not be), what kind of test-taker you are (what was the LSAT like for you? how about law school exams?) and whether you’re a “must be totally consumed with this important thing or I’ll be so stressed I won’t enjoy whatever else I’m doing” person or a “I need space from the stressful things so they’re not my whole life” person (I was the latter–I intentionally lived off-campus with non-law-students during law school and declined to do a hotel for the bar in favor of sleeping in my own bed and not having to listen to other people rehash exam questions every night). Then, figure out whether those aspects of your personality and lifestyle are compatible with this trip.

    12. anna green*

      This thread is fascinating! I always heard it was a big deal to take the bar exam, but I never realized it was a full time job to study.

    13. Where's the Le-Toose?*

      The best advice is that you should only do what you feel comfortable with. If you know you will be preoccupied with thoughts about the bar, then don’t do it. If you can take a few days off and not freak out, then go ahead.

      I passed the bar back in ’95 and I still remember that time vividly. I treated my bar review like a full-time job with a little overtime. After finishing my 3L classes and until my bar review classes started, I would study from 8 am to 5 pm Monday through Friday with an hour lunch. On Saturdays, it was 9 am to 2 pm, and Sundays was just a couple of hours, usually 9 am to noon. , it was 9 am to 2 pm. When the bar review classes stared, it was pretty much the same schedule but with bar review taking up the morning. And then I stopped studying altogether the Sunday before the bar exam.

      For me, I wouldn’t have taken that kind of time off because I wanted to pass the first time (and I did). But that’s just me. You know you better than anyone else here.

  16. Youth*

    My job is great, but I’ve been casually looking for a while. The stress of writing for finicky corporate clients is strong.

    I was invited to apply for a job with a guy who’s kind of a big shot around here, but he wouldn’t tell me what he needed a writer for until after he saw my resume! So I may be in the running for a job, but I don’t know what it is, much less how it pays or anything like that! Which is kind of frustrating, since I have great pay and flexible hours and would only be interested in this other job if it was really good.

    1. Not So NewReader*

      Go slowly here. If he won’t answer your questions at some point, that is a red flag.

    2. Canadian Teapots*

      Also TBQH there are job scams around Craigslist writing gigs that are a way to get writing samples out of people without paying for them.

      Not sauing your big shot is doing this but he does seem a bit unfamiliar with basic norms of keeping interviewees in the loop about what the job is that they’re applying for.

  17. ZSD*

    New Jersey will be the tenth state to guarantee paid sick and safe days for all workers! They also have the strongest state law in the nation.
    One-fifth of the US states (plus DC) now have such laws. Great progress!

    1. zora*

      YAYYYY! that is awesome news. Mandatory paid sick days in SF literally saved me a couple of years ago, it was such a relief to not have to worry about being sick AND having zero money to pay my bills. I hope everyone gets them soon!

      1. Bea*

        They are domestic violence leave days, if you need to take time off to seek safe harbor somewhere, you’re covered.

  18. Alternative Person*

    Question: Is it weird that people leave stuff laying around on desks/open on laptops and never complain that said stuff is gone when they come back?

    At work people have no problem treating any and all shared space like personal dumping grounds but never seem to get mad when something they need disappears. Like they never ask where their open (sometimes unsaved) word documents are when they come back to shared computers or if they have to go rooting through the recycle bin they just do it. It seems weird to me that they don’t clean up workspaces in the first place but the fact they never get angry about it is even weirder to me.

    1. fposte*

      I’d rather that than the people who don’t safeguard their own stuff but are annoyed that other people didn’t safeguard it for them.

      1. Alternative Person*

        True, I just find it strange people can be so caviler with their stuff and documents they’ve potentially put hours into and not for all intents and purposes care about what happened to them.

    2. Bea W*

      If they’re just leaving their stuff out, they may be aware it’ll probably disappear, and that’s why they don’t get mad about it. They may also be saving a copy to another place and just don’t care about cleaning up their stuff or if it gets deleted. Sometimes Word will ask if you want to save changes to a file even if you haven’t made any real changes.

      What drives me nuts are people who are don’t clean up after themselves or save their files like that, and then complain when the inevitable happens.

    3. Jady*

      I think it would be weird to be angry.

      It’s a shared computer, openly available to anyone (seemingly). Would someone be angry if the same thing happened on a computer in the library or at school? If anything important is on there, it’s up to the owner to keep copies, backups, put it on a USB, dropbox, network, etc.

  19. Nervous Accountant*

    More emotional and personal than work related but.

    Last Friday of tax season, and I am going to miss it.

    I know it’s such a weird weird thing to say, but…..as crazy and hectic as things get here, the long hours have never bugged me that much in past years.

    Right at the start I went through the worst possible thing in my life and I was sick for most of it afterewards. I should be glad it’s over but I feel melancholy.

    This week we hit 3 months since my dad died and I hadn’t even realized it until I wrote down the date. I felt so shitty about that. I think about him every day, I go through my posts, that day is forever etched in my memories, but it still somehow felt like I FORGOT.

    Working 65 hours a week helped me stay sane and I’m now terrified of having all this extra time now that things are going “back to normal”. It helped me avoid the family drama (ther’es always drama) and from just crying 5 hours a day.

    I’m taking time off work next month to go back to the home country and take care of legal matters. In between there was a lot of drama, but it was so easy to ignore when I was working 65 hours a week, and I am now terrified and dreading facing all of this.

    1. Wannabe Disney Princess*

      The grief fog tends to fade after 3 months. When my dad died, I suddenly felt worse after three months. Totally thought I was regressing and something was wrong.

      There’s nothing wrong. It’s perfectly normal. It’s just your brain realizing “Holy crap. This is permanent. As in PERMANENT permanent.”

      Be kind to yourself. This isn’t easy, and there is no one way to do it.

    2. BadWolf*

      I’m going to say it’s good that you didn’t remember it was 3 months. Or, if not “good” at least not bad.

      I really worked myself into a state at the year anniversary of my dad’s passing. Like it was a Big Huge Thing. Then the day of, it really wasn’t a Huge Thing. I mean, I was sad, but it wasn’t worth the bad feelings I put on myself. And my father would not have wanted me to torture myself. (and this was around the time I finally went to a grief counselor, so that was pretty helpful too).

      It’s a bumpy road. Hang in there. Are there some fun things you can schedule for yourself post tax season? A new exercise class, an art class, a lecture series?

      1. NotMyRealName*

        And if it was a big thing, that’s not bad either. There’s no right way. The anniversary of my father and my sister’s deaths is a hard day for me every year and it’s been more than a decade since my sister died. It is what it is.

    3. Bea*

      I too get deep into work when stress and life are insane, it’s a coping mechanism because work is much more controlled than the outside world.

      I hope your trip home heals you more than it feels like it will right now.

      1. Nervous Accountant*

        Omg yes. I started to realize this. Work stress is better than life stress bc I know how to cope with it. It’s controlled chaos.

        1. Bea*

          I’m in accounting too, it’s even more controlled because it’s all the structures procedures and our reconciliation mind set. If I’m pushing numbers together my brain rarely wanders.

          It’s healthier than curling into a ball and drawing the shades for six months!

    4. Not So NewReader*

      This sounds pretty normal to me. As you say, work gave you a time out. Yeah, it does get mind-bending. I’d recommend focusing on one thing at a time. Get through the tax season. Then after that organize/prepare mentally for your trip. It’s too hard right now with work levels peaking for the season to process much else.

      Once you are getting on your trip all the work madness will be behind you. So there will be minor relief there. I always find once I get started on a big project or mission, I feel better just because I have started. It’s when I can’t start the project/mission because Other Big Thing is in my way that I start getting antsy.

      Once you are with your family, you can go very practical and dry. “Family, I only have x time off and then I have to leave. If you want me to help, we need to focus on getting the work done. We don’t have time for arguing, etc.because I must leave.”

    5. Not That Jane*

      I wasn’t working full time when my mom died, but I was an almost-full-time caregiver for my dad at that point, so I was busy. I remember he made some travel arrangements for a long weekend about 5 months after my mom died, and I made all these “plans” to sit and journal and grieve… and then when it actually came, and I had all that time to myself, I realized I had been grieving all along, I just hadn’t been aware of it. So. One lesson I learned is that it doesn’t always follow the timeline you expect.

      I eventually came up with this metaphor of what it’s like to lose a parent or close family member: it’s like the earthquake at the bottom of the ocean. It shakes everything up, but at first nothing really happens on the surface, and then hours (days, weeks, months, years) later, there’s, like, a huge tsunami in someplace thousands of miles away. It’s so deep and pervasive an effect that it may not even ruffle the surface much at first, though, you know? That was helpful for me.

      Sending internet hugs if they are wanted. I’ve lost both my parents now and it is tough, especially in the first year.

    6. FloralsForever*

      My mother also passed away 3 months ago. I was in the fog for the first month, going to work, kind of going through the motions. My team was incredibly supportive and took some of my load away, but I was still doing daily transactions that were primarily data entry that were incredibly hard to pass off. Doing mindless work helped so much. Once I gave the eulogy, it was like a weight was lifted and life could go on.

      I know you’re terrified of how you will feel, I developed insomnia, actually, and have very vivid unpleasant dreams still sometimes. I’m telling you this because grief is powerful and it’s okay and very normal to be overwhelmed even 3 months later. Work has been a great distraction for me too, and I’m thankful I have a low drama family.

      Can you take some time alone to grieve for your father before you see family? Treat your grief and their drama as two separate issues? I’m a strong advocate of physically releasing emotions (the days after she passed I cried 12 hours, but was alone), which might provide the catharsis you’re looking for, so you can better deal with your family. Also, honoring her memory helped my grief, as well. My heart really goes out to you, I understand how devastated you might feel.

  20. Cristina in England*

    Are there jobs out there where I can use my qualitative research skills, that aren’t market research?

    I am thinking of moving away from academia but I still want to use the skills I developed there. I am a qualitative researcher with a negligible amount of quantitative experience. I would like to find work where I can research topics and write reports. Do anyone of you have jobs that are like this, day to day?

    I wish I were more of a quantitative person (and have considered retraining to this end) but I really want to find a job where the primary data I work with is in words.

    1. hermit crab*

      I work on government contracts at an environmental/energy consulting firm and do a ton of that. People on my team need the skills to, e.g., understand a confidence interval or do simple lookups in Excel, but the vast majority of what we do is more like synthesizing research findings, analyzing policy, and “translating” information from the highly detailed or technical to a format/level suitable for decision-makers. I also have friends in the nonprofit sector who do very similar things, across topic areas. Common job titles include “policy analyst” and “research associate.”

    2. Clare*

      I currently work in monitoring and evaluation, and this is exactly what I do. (Well, plus writing research frameworks, liaising with clients and soothing consultants.) I specialise in international development, which usually requires international experience, but there are lots of evaluators in other areas if that’s not your bag.

      I assume from your username that you’re in the UK. I’d suggest looking at natcen.ac.uk; at the civil service websites, because there is a specialisation called social researcher that may appeal; at the UK Evaluation Society’s website to see what people do; and at general consultancy work. Jobs also come up on jobs.ac.uk and the Guardian relatively regularly.

    3. BananaStand*

      Fundraising maybe? I know a lot of fundraising/development offices have prospect researchers that look into potential big donors and their potential to give. Not sure how much quantitative research is involved with that though.

      1. rldk*

        Especially in grantwriting, quantitative is a super important skill. Especially if you want to write grants on behalf of researchers (think-tank or similar), being able to research their topic well enough to help them write a proposal and reports is essential!

    4. Lymon Zerga*

      Yes–program evaluation! I have a master’s in sociology and this is what I do. I often tell people, “Like qualitative research? Hate academia? Evaluation is the field for you!” I work for a nonprofit and I spend my days interviewing our constituents, creating surveys, doing analyses of our documents, that sort of thing. The American Evaluation Association website has some resources you could check out to learn more.

    5. Maiasaura*

      I used to have a job like this, evaluating public health messaging and communication. Think of all the great messaging work NHS does; someone has to figure out what works there. Technically it’s a form of marketing, but it’s also a social good, and extremely interesting. The primary terms I would search for in jobs and the United States would be “health communications”, “message testing”, “evaluation”, formative research”, “message development”, and “literature reviews”; it may be different in the UK, but that should get you started. Good luck!

    6. Ann O.*

      Are you interested in ethnographic work or only reading/synthesizing? Because if you’re interested in non-market research ethnographic work, user experience would be work looking into.

    7. Quinoa*

      What about UX Design? I know tons of designers who focus specifically on the research part of it.

        1. Optimistic Prime*

          Well, where you’d want to go is UX research, but most of us don’t have computer science degrees. We tend to be social scientists (or sometimes have HCI degrees, or informatics).

          UX designers usually have graphic design/art degrees.

          1. Quinoa*

            I actually know a number of UX designers in the US who have social science or not-for-profit administrator backgrounds. Many of them have gone through bootcamps to get the UX experience and the training. (And I know there are some good bootcamps in the UK.)

            1. Quinoa*

              I forgot to mention that you should look into the group Ladies that UX. They started in the UK, though they’re all over the US now as well. You could probably find some members to talk with about what the work involves, whether it would be a good line of work for your interests and skill set, what other training you might need and where to get it. They have meet-ups regularly, so research LTUX and your location and see what you can find.

    8. Not That Jane*

      Education? Our charter network is definitely using a ton of qualitative data to inform our programs. Maybe an ed tech company or innovative school.

    9. Anonymous Ampersand*

      Evaluation. Especially for charities (based on the work history of my team colleagues). Also worth looking into: public health, government departments and regulation bodies.

    10. AvonLady Barksdale*

      A lot of brand consultancies do qualitative work. I used to work for one, as a matter of fact! I’ve also hired them in the past. Granted, the smaller ones usually want a combination of qual and quant, but the firm where I used to work currently has a model where some people are qual, some people are quant. Sometimes you can find work like this in or via ad agencies; we worked with a lot of them in addition to working directly for brand clients. My current work is similar but there’s much less qualitative work.

    11. Cristina in England*

      Thank you everyone for your replies.

      I did not know that Evaluation was its own field, and it sounds interesting so I shall look into it, thank you for the links and suggestions for that. It sounds like it might be similar to Internal Auditing? I don’t know much about that either, but it seems kind of similar.

      Government, health care and policy work also sound really interesting, thank you for suggesting that. I would like to feel like I’m contributing to something, so that’s definitely an avenue to consider.

      My previous experience is ethnography-adjacent, and I never would have ever thought of UX, thanks!

      I am going to look into the natcen and civil service pages as well, thanks very much, I never would have thought of that.

      I feel like there may be hope for me yet!

      1. UK Civil Servant*

        Be aware that not all gov departments have the same pay scales.
        E.g. Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl) absolutely does the kind of work you’re after, but will pay significantly less for it, at the same level of seniority, than other departments or even other parts of the Ministry of Defence.

      2. Grandma Mazur*

        If you live within commuting distance of Swindon, there’s always the Research Councils (now UKRI)…

    12. Nerfmobile*

      User experience research. Can be very qualitative and has good overlaps with market research skills.

    13. Optimistic Prime*

      I’m a UX researcher and my job is exactly this – researching topics and writing reports! I have qual and quant training, but a lot of UX researchers have only qualitative training and there are lots of roles in which you would do only qualitative research.

  21. grace*

    About more formal mentor relationships… My company does mentor/mentee pairings, and you meet on a regular basis. What sorts of questions do you ask to get the most out of that? If you’re a mentor, what do you want to be asked? (Or not asked!) Any suggestions are welcome. :-)

    1. Muriel Heslop*

      I’ve been teaching for over 20 years and I still draw on things I learned from my formally assigned mentor. One of the great things she did was give me a list of everything that no one told her but she wished they had. I had a mento two years ago and I gave the same list to her. This probably varies by field, but it helped me to have a mentor who felt comfortable leading the relationship. Once we built a bond, I felt more comfortable going to her with questions and ideas.

      Good luck!

      1. grace*

        Ah, that’s great! That’s one thing I’d planned to bring up, but it feels a bit awkward. :) I’m more of an in-person… person (lol), and because our country is spread across the coast, we’re strictly over the phone unless one of us visits the other office. But I’ll definitely bring that up, thanks!

      2. Lisa B*

        That’s a GREAT item for a mentor to share- “things no one told me that I wish they had” !! I will add that to mine. If the person wants to go into the same field as the mentor, I talk about the things the mentee should be doing now to set themselves up well for the later. Classes, certifications, skillsets to brush up on, things like that. It can also depend on how experienced the mentee is. For my last student intern it was her first professional job, so my mentorship was really really basic (it’s ok to leave a meeting if someone isn’t being respectful and here’s how you do it with grace; bring paper and pen to all meetings; how to read nonverbals). For more experienced folks, guidance on the backdoor politics that aren’t in-your-face obvious.

      3. AnonResearchManager*

        Alison, what about doing an AAM ask the readers post on “things no one told me about work, but I wish they had!”?
        I should think a bunch of readers would love a post like that.

  22. Amy Farrah Fowler*

    Work is SOOOO slow this time of year. I know that things will pick back up in a couple weeks, but it’s like watching paint dry here. How do you keep yourself going during slow periods of your work?

    1. Caledonia*

      Clear out my desk / office. Shred / file. Sort / delete emails. Ask anyone if they need help with anything. Training courses. Take leave / holidays.

      1. Lisa B*

        Agree with training courses. Coursera is good for something with more structure, but you can find a lot on youtube. Ask your manager if there’s someone you could assist in a department your group works closely with.

      2. Amy Farrah Fowler*

        Good idea! I work from home, and we’re primarily paperless, but my desk could still use a good cleaning.

    2. Not So Super-visor*

      We’re in the same boat here right now with our seasonal slow down. It’ll only be a few weeks, and then we’ll be busy, busy, busy again, but people never seem to remember that.
      I will tell you what not to do: demand that your manager take away projects from coworkers simply because they have less seniority. I dealt with that one yesterday.

      1. Amy Farrah Fowler*

        Oh, yikes! I wouldn’t dream of taking things away from people (unless they were swamped and needed/welcomed the help). I have taken on a couple side projects from my manager, but just finished those up and my manager is off today. Maybe I can get some other projects from her next week.

    3. Happy Lurker*

      AAM – seriously. I have looked at every post this week. I haven’t done that in like…a year.

  23. Falling Diphthong*

    Survivor this week had a nice encapsulation of an office dynamic we see here a lot:

    Fergus: I hate Wakeen, and everyone else in the office agrees with me.
    Wakeen: I hate Fergus, and everyone else in the office agrees with me.
    Everyone else: Fergus and Wakeen’s endless feud is really annoying, and we need to take out one of them at random.

      1. Princess Scrivener*

        Oh my GOSH, I love Wendell, right? “You can’t rap. You have no bars.” Lol, I just outed myself as a Survivor dork, I guess.

    1. Interested Bystander*

      OMG this was two people at OldJob! One was a Payroll Clerk, and the other was an AR clerk, and these ladies hated each other, and were always trying to get everyone else on their side. It was exhausting…

  24. She's One Crazy Diamond*

    Last week, I wrote a report with a grid showing statistics and several bullet points. I sent it to my project manager for review. He said that it wasn’t good enough and that he would send the report out himself. When he sent it out, I saw that it was almost identical to the report I wrote (every single one of the bullet points were what I wrote) but that he updated a couple of the stats in the grid and replaced my name with his. Is this normal? What should I do?

      1. She's One Crazy Diamond*

        That’s not the issue. The issue is that he plagiarized my work and took credit for it.

        1. Murphy*

          Oh I know. I’m not saying that you actually need to know what you could do better. But I think it’s a good way to get them to explain themselves/the lack of differences between what you wrote and what they sent out. But I think a boss/project manager/someone above you putting their name on your work isn’t unheard of (depending on your industry) and probably not a thing you can call them out on.

            1. Murphy*

              Sorry I didn’t properly explain what I meant the first time. I’d be annoyed too if I was in your place.

    1. Kathleen_A*

      YMMV, but I don’t think you can tax your boss with “plagiarizing my work and taking credit for it.” I mean, it does sound as though that’s what he did – I’m not disputing that – but I cannot imagine how a conversation about it with him can go well or change things for the better.

      So your remaining choices are: (1) To let it go. I’d have a lot of problems with this, but there are times when, sadly, it’s your best option. (2) To report the problem to someone higher up. Or (3) To subtly let him know that you noticed a problem so that maybe he doesn’t do it again. In that case, Murphy’s approach is actually a pretty good one! You could print out your original document, bring it into a one-on-one meeting and talk about it.

    2. bluelyon*

      That doesn’t sound like plagiarism frankly. It sounds totally normal.
      The highest ranking person will generally send the report under their name. I would ask for feedback about what needs to be improved for “good enough” in a general sense but to be honest it sounds like you’re getting annoyed over something that’s pretty common practice in a lot of fields.
      This is different for something like a journal article or book but a report doesn’t seem to meet that threshold.

      1. WFH Lurker*

        I had a coworker whose responsibilities in a former company included producing monthly metrics. He would send the metrics to his boss, who would then go and modify the numbers to make the metrics look more favorable. My coworker started pdf-ing the charts, knowing that his boss didn’t know how to edit a pdf. Angst ensued. My coworker wound up out of a job, but for some reason relishes the experience to this day.

        1. Canadian Teapots*

          That kind of Sovietesque statistical manipulation does nobody any good in the long run. Making decisions based on bad data never turns out well.

          Co-worker is right to relish the experience of knowing his boss realized they were being called out on their “numbers massaging”, because directly ordering co-worker to modify the numbers would’ve been a red flag he could take to HR or to the boss’s boss.

  25. Anon for this one*

    The company I work for merged with another company. The other company has a random drug test policy. My company doesn’t but the policy was brought over as part of the merger.

    In both the state the other company is from and my state, marijuana is not legal. Not for medical or personal use. Full stop. There is no decriminalization, no diversion or no civil offenses. Any possession of any amount or any kind of marijuana charge is prosecuted criminally.

    We work in an office, not in a place where we drive or operate construction equipment or anything like that. According to the new handbook, any positive test or refusal means immediate firing. Only legal prescription drugs are exempt.

    I went to a lawyer and what they are doing is perfectly legal. No one who opposes has a leg to stand on.

    I use marijuana recreationally daily. This company is the majority employer in this area. The benefits are better than average by far and are great. We all got raised after the merger and the pay was good before it even.

    It sucks because I don’t want to get fired or lose my reference but I can’t afford to quit right now and I won’t be able to easily find a job with the same benefits and pay. Two people have already been fired. One told me he failed the test and the other publicly refused.

    Just venting. This situation sucks and the company will not entertain any pushback.

    1. Detective Amy Santiago*

      Unfortunately, because marijuana is still illegal at the federal level, you don’t have much recourse from a legal standpoint.

      Can you stop using for a while to pass your drug test?

      1. Lisa B*

        I don’t think stopping for a while would work if the new company uses random drug tests. Any chance you know someone who works at the new company that could tell you discretely how often they actually do this? Some companies will say they do random tests but only actually do it if there’s cause for concern (workplace incident/complaint about impairment that is impacting work, etc.).

        1. Anon for this one*

          Only management knows when the tests will be so I can’t ask anyone. I thought of asking someone I know in HR but he isn’t a manager and he said that even managers only decide a few days in advance. They have already tested people even though there wasn’t an incident. And I’ve heard from two people at the offer at the other company that they randomly pop up every once in a while.

          1. Annon for this*

            Years ago I had a friend use Urine Luck, with great luck. They were not fired!
            I have no idea where it was purchased or if it even still exists.

      2. Anon for this one*

        Unfortunately the tests are random. They tell you when you get to work in the morning and you have to report for your test sometime during the work day (our office hours/hours of work are 8:30 to 4:00 with lunch between 12 and 12:30).

        The lab is approximately 20 minutes from here. We don’t have transit here so everyone drives but the company will expense a cab if you can’t drive. No one will have any idea when it’s time to go because it is completely random. And not showing up is taken as a refusal.

        1. Ali G*

          Yeah this is how it was with my job. Can you get any insight on the schedule? At my old job, they randomly picked 5-10 people within the first few weeks of each quarter. So, if you didn’t get picked at the beginning of the quarter you were good for a couple of months.
          But we had the same policy – you get the email and you are required to report to the testing site within 2 hours. If not, you are fired and if you test positive, you are fired. Only exceptions were if you were on PTO or traveling to an area with no contracted testing site.

        2. Detective Amy Santiago*

          Sorry, my eyes totally skipped over the word “random” in your first comment.

          It does suck that you’re doing something perfectly legal and can get fired for it, but it sounds like your choices right now are to quit smoking or start job hunting.

          1. Detective Amy Santiago*

            And I also clearly missed the word “not” in front of legal. I need more caffeine before I comment anymore.

          2. Windchime*

            I live in a state where it’s totally legal and has been for awhile (Washington). My previous employer sent out a notice as soon as it was made legal, letting people know that it was still against company policy and they would still fire people for using it. Crazy-pants.

            My current employer could care less and doesn’t drug test.

        3. AnonAnswer*

          If you’re interested in beating the test (if it’s a closed door test without the test facility operator watching), here’s what you do:
          Go to a head shop and buy a synthetic urine kit. These do work for almost all pre-employment/random urine screenings, but will not work for more intensive government or hair tests.
          Keep the kit in your car (but be discrete, don’t leave it laying around where anyone can see it).
          If you’re randomly called in for testing, use the kit as directed, it should come with more than enough liquid and a warmer to beat the temperature aspect of the test.

          I’m not a marijuana user, but I hate how corporations encroach on employee privacy. What you do is your business, so I have no problem telling folks how to get around this nonsense.

          1. branch*

            You beat me to it! I was going to say get thee to a head shop. Another note on the synthetic urine kit — it does have an expiration date, so keep an eye on that.

            To those who say “why can’t they just quit” even if the OP does quit right now (or yesterday for that matter) THC stays in your system for at least 30 days.

      3. paul*

        Most states will let you test for *legal* substances; tobacco’s a big one with health care providers (i.e don’t smoke, don’t test positive for nicotine).

    2. KTemgee*

      That is a sucky situation. Have you thought about quitting? That really sounds like your only option in order to keep your job in the event the drug test does come up. I don’t agree with it, but it is illegal in your state, and there doesn’t seem to be any way you can push back with even a little bit of success.

      1. Kathleen_A*

        I think that if you can’t/don’t want to get another job, this is truly your best option. Your choices are to leave this job, take a chance on getting booted from this job, or give up marijuana. It really is that simple.

      2. Kathleen_A*

        My earlier comment in this thread disappeared, so I hope I don’t end up repeating myself.

        But anyway, I agree that if you can’t/don’t want to leave this job, quitting smoking is probably your best option. Your only real choices are: (1) Leave this job; (2) risk getting booted from this job (which would stress me out to no end); or (3) quit smoking. That’s pretty much it.

    3. Anon because drugs*

      I’m going to be blunt. Marijuana is not legal in your state and yet you use it daily. You are breaking the law. It sucks but breaking the law has consequences, even if you don’t agree with the law. Since it’s a random testing policy, you need to decide what is more important to you: working at a company with great benefits and great pay, or your daily recreational drug use. And you also need to realize that *if* you choose drugs over your job, you have a problem in that you will likely end up jobless, which you can’t afford, which could cascade into a whole host of problems. What are your priorities?

      1. Bostonian*

        Whoa, that’s a little harsh. Speeding, as well as texting while driving, is also illegal (and arguably more dangerous than smoking while relaxing in one’s home), but most people would say you shouldn’t be fired for it.

        The fact that this company is testing their employees for marijuana is totally invasive and unnecessary because someone could be sober at work and still have a positive test result. They’re essentially policing your activity outside of work. And while it is illegal on the federal level, it really isn’t the employer’s business as long as people aren’t showing up to work high.

        1. Working Hypothesis*

          Well, I’d argue that you should be fired for texting while driving, and probably also arrested for it. But I’ve lost a dear friend because someone did this.

          I don’t see a comparison with private, voluntary use of a drug outside of work hours. There’s no unconsenting parties harmed by marijuana use. There very well may be by texting while driving.

      2. Ask a Manager* Post author

        Of course, another way of framing it is that she’d be choosing personal liberty and privacy over this particular job. Presumably she can find one of the other many jobs that won’t invade her privacy in this way, if she decides that’s what she wants to do. (But I do agree she’s not going to get anywhere pushing back on this particular company, and that she needs to decide if she wants to stop smoking pot or find a new job. Either is legitimate.)

    4. ThatGirl*

      Yes, it sucks. I personally think marijuana should be treated like alcohol. But you have always known it’s not legal in your state, and you choose to use it daily regardless. Sounds like you have a choice to keep using it despite the potential consequences or stop using and keep your job.

    5. Bea*

      We’re in a legal state and there are still plenty of places who will do random drug tests and pot is on the panel.

      Some places don’t care about weed, others follow federal guidelines.

      Just so you know this is still a thing for legal medical and rec states too!

      To save yourself the suffering from stress and possible eventual firing, if you can stop, do so. Then get to job searching to leave this place.

      The fact they are so heavy handed on this random testing makes me worry that it’s only a matter of time before your name comes up.

      All my previous employers only test if there’s suspicion you’re high at work or you’ve gotten hurt.

        1. Bea*

          That’s a very personal thing that has to be made by anyone in the situation

          It’s also easy enough to find a job that doesn’t test for drugs.

          It also reminds me of Half Baked when thinking of rehab for pot.

    6. mary jane*

      This happened to me with a tech merger.
      I stopped using even though MJ is legal in my state for both recreational and medical use. The merger coincided with better mental health insurance so I was able to get cognitive behavioral counseling and a prescription for prozac which removed 98% of the reason I did recreational MJ (relief from anxiety – the other 2% is that I really enjoy MJ and sci fi movies and MJ and nature hikes, which I was willing to sacrifice for the best job I’ve had so far) – I am not saying this applies to you at all, but it’s what helped me.

      If you’re a daily user, the sooner you stop the better, because it can take up to a month of abstaining for a clean test. (I’m a woman, and for some biological reason, THC stays in our bodies longer than men’s).

      I’m sorry. I hate MJ prohibition too and vastly prefer MJ over alcohol in order to get into a fun, buzzy altered state on my own personal time.

      If you google “how to pass a drug test” there are a bunch of products with varying reviews on if they work or not. These products are illegal for passing legally-mandated drug tests (like if you’re on parole). I wouldn’t do it myself (i’m way too anxious/nervous, and not a great rule-breaker), but others have used these products to pass a test, and if you do not want to give up your recreational usage, they might be your only option.

    7. LurkNoMore*

      I know a large international company that uses random drug tests as a way to easily reduce the work force. Anytime the company is looking to reduce labor costs, they wait until the local college’s football team has a big home game that weekend and then conduct the tests that following Monday morning. It works every time.

    8. GuitarLady*

      I’m so sorry. That does really suck. A friend of mine is also a daily user, and he had to delay taking a new job til he could pass a drug test. Luckily it was just a one-time thing. It took 63 days until it was out of his system enough to pass a test, so even if you quit today, your job would still be in jeopardy for up to 2 months. I would start preparing now to lose this job. I hope luck is with you, and you manage to not get tested until you can get it out of your system, if you decide this job is worth keeping!

    9. Yikes*

      I support legalization 100%. But I’m always shocked that Alison allows comments on how to beat drugs tests by illegal means. I can remember at least one other discussion besides this one where it was allowed and even encouraged. I don’t agree with drug testing employees. But advocating for illegal means with huge consequences if caught is a different matter and I’m surprised it is allowed here. Especially when other comments are sometimes deleted for less than advocating illegal activity

      1. Ask a Manager* Post author

        Comment deletion here is relatively rare, and it’s generally for violations of the commenting rules (like hostility or attacks on other commenters, off-topic posts, etc.).

        We’re all adults here (mostly, at least) and can make our own adult decisions about what advice to take or not take. That said, I don’t remember “how to beat a drug test” ever coming up here before today, although I could be wrong about that. But I certainly haven’t encouraged it (and think it’s a really risky thing to do, because a lot of labs have ways to spot these strategies).

      2. [insert witty user name here]*

        Genuinely curious question: in this case, would it actually be *illegal* or just against company policy? This is just a company issued test, not a court issued test. I mean, sure, it’s splitting hairs, but also somewhat germane to Yikes’ discussion point.

        1. mary jane*

          It’s illegal in some states to sell these products, so if “anon for this” lives in one of those states, I guess it would be.

        2. Admin of Sys*

          That is an interesting question – At most, I think you’d get in trouble for falsifying data? But there is a form you sign attesting that you are providing your own unadulterated ‘test materials’, iirc. (I had drug tests at previous companies, but it’s been a while) I think most states don’t even criminalize having the drug in your system – it’s the possession / sale of the drug that’s illegal, not having it in your blood stream. (unless it’s a DUI or something)

    10. Glomarization, Esq.*

      One wrinkle you may want to keep in mind: If you get fired, or you are “permitted” to resign in lieu of termination, then that’s something you may end up having to explain to a future prospective employer. Or it may come up in applying for a professional license, or government security clearance. And of course there are consequences regarding collecting unemployment.

      1. LilySparrow*

        Yes. It’s not just this job. Even companies that don’t test may have a problem with a history of termination for cause.
        Unless you plan to make “marijuana-friendly workplace” one of your job-search criteria, this situation has long term risks.

    11. Syren*

      I’m curious to get another perspective on this idea from someone in HR or a lawyer on this blog. I used to work in HR many many moons ago. One of the employees came to us to let us know that they were in treatment for addiction. We had a strict policy similar to the one above. The employee asked for ADA protection for the rehab related activities (not as response to a positive screening). We talked with our lawyer who advised us they were protected under the ADA as long as they were in treatment. When they were in an accident, they had a positive screen but we did not fire them. We consulted with the lawyer and they advised against it. Since it has been 8 years since I worked in HR, more of a hypothetical, could the employee get protection from this policy if they asked for an accommodation for addiction? Not that they would want to exercise this option, but could it be an option for this situation?

      1. Anon for this one*

        I didn’t know that addiction was covered under the ADA or that it could prevent someone from being fired if they caused an accident. I learn so much from Alison and the people who comment. I hope at least no one was hurt in the accident.

        The lawyer I spoke to told me that saying I have an addiction would mean I would have to get treatment because the company would not allow me to keep failing drug tests that they are legally allowed to give. The protection of the ADA would not last me forever. So basically not an option for me.

        1. valentine*

          Given how strict they are, it’s not a good idea to admit to use or to risk asking anyone within the company (or who may repeat what you say to anyone at the company) for details about the testing. I see you want to keep both the drug and the job, but do the benefits of either clearly take precedence for you?

      2. Belle*

        Also, the ADA may not cover the addiction if it is illegal (alcohol and pain meds are the ones I have seen most often covered). So even if you disclosed, there is a chance that you could not be protected, which is a big risk to take.

        I have also seen unemployment denied for testing positive for illegal substances — so that is also something to keep in mind – just in case.

  26. Anon.*

    Confession: about a month ago, I decided to retire at the end of 2019. I spent the first few weeks in a panic about finances. I’ve settled down now, and knuckled down to get everything in place. But now I’ve got “retirement brain”. In long term strategy meetings, I’m like, well, how much do I actually care? On the flip side, I’ve been more forceful than previously about setting up long term solutions to problems that I see/foresee, and I’m thinking about getting in some new hires, with the idea that one of them will take my place. So I sort of care, and I sort of don’t.

    1. Parenthetically*

      I’ve basically decided I’m not returning to work after the end of the school year to stay home with my kid, so I sympathize with “retirement brain”! How much do my students REALLY need to be taught? Can’t I just show them movies based on books for the rest of the year? ;)

    2. AnotherJill*

      I retired a year ago from a fairly senior position in my department. I pretty much happily checked out for the six months or so prior to my last day because I felt that since I would not be around, I really had no dog in the fight for long term decisions. There were a couple of things that I worked on that I still felt a little ownership of, but overall, I felt like the folks remaining needed to figure out how to work without my input. So it’s okay (and really good for both you and them) to ramp down how much you care.

  27. Felicity*

    I have a variation of the thanking a manager, gifts flowing upwards eternal question.

    I have a manager who has helped me a lot. He’s given me a lot of pertinent advice, pushed me out of my comfort zone just enough to challenge me without feeling like I’m drowning and has put my name forward for a lot of opportunities.

    He’s making a parallel move in the company (project managing a team involved in teapot delivery as opposed to teapot design) to get more experience in different parts of the teapot life cycle.

    This means he won’t be my manager any more, though we will still be at the same teapot co.

    I’d like to find an appropriate way to thank him for everything he’s done for me. Is a bottle of wine violating the gifts flow upwards rule? Help!

    1. Muriel Heslop*

      I agree that a really thoughtful note would be great. Always my favorite thing to receive at work. I can buy my own food and wine.

    2. sleepy anon*

      Do you know he drinks wine and more accurately the kind you want to get him? That seems like a really personal gift imho.

      1. Felicity*

        Yes, after work drinks are common enough that I could buy something to his taste.

        But I am on the spectrum, so I appreciate that it might be too personal and I haven’t realised

        1. Casual Dave*

          No wine is only “too personal” if you don’t know for sure if someone will like the wine or even drinks at all.

        2. Marillenbaum*

          For myself, I don’t think a single nice bottle of wine with a note would cross the line into being overly personal.

        3. Yorick*

          I don’t think wine is a particularly personal gift, so that may vary by person.

          As long as you know someone drinks, I think it’s ok to give a wine without knowing their exact wine preference. I would still think it was a lovely gift if someone gave me a wine that I wouldn’t have bought for myself.

    3. Trout 'Waver*

      +1 on the handwritten note. My last intern wrote me a really nice note when he left and I still smile when I think of it.

    4. Bea*

      You know he likes wine.

      So a bottle with a thoughtful note is a good idea and I say go for it.

      My old boss loved wine, we talked about it frequently. For Christmas before I left I got her my favorite and told her how much the place and her family (fam business) meant to me.

      It’s not personal at all. That’s such an odd stance but it’s pivotal that you know someone drinks and enjoys alcohol.

      Case and point my old boss had a severely alcoholic son. Nobody should be giving him liquor.

      It’s a know your audience thing in every case. I know that’s difficult often. If you didn’t know his habits, I would say just a note but you know so should continue with your original idea :)

    5. AFreeLabRat*

      I agree with all the comments about the nice note, if you want to give something physical I’m always a fan of a small plant for their desk/office, you can get a cute one for under 10$ and it feels thoughtful without being personal.

    6. MeM*

      At my company, alcohol is not allowed on the premises, even if it wrapped as a gift and there is no intent to open it. If you plan to give it at work, you may unintentionally be giving your recipient a problem if your company has this restriction – check first.

      The note alone is probably good enough – if you really want to add a gift, is there something for the new office you could give? Coffee cup, new business card holder, unique mouse pad that goes along with the managers interest, etc.?

  28. sleepy anon*

    This was kind of prompted by the letter from earlier this week, but I’m in a pickle and I need some advice on if I should go ahead and try to take FMLA or not. I have severe insomnia, the “don’t sleep for days and if I can get an hour of sleep I greedily hoard it” kind. It’s been see-sawing between decently managed and off the rails completely for the past few months.

    I’m trying to get in to see a new sleep specialist as my current doctor is leaving at the end of this month, but it’s already been a month of trying and I still don’t even have an appointment date set. Just this week alone I missed an hour on tuesday in the morning, all day wednesday because of side effects of my current medication(couldn’t even stand), and then an hour and a half this morning.

    I hate being unreliable and I can feel my coworkers starting to get upset that I’m missing so much work, but every night is a crapshoot on if I’ll get any sleep at all, or if I’ll manage to fall asleep at 6am and desperately call in for another hour of sleep in the morning. If I don’t sleep I’m non-functional at best, and while my job doesn’t require high funciton, I’m known for being very high functioning and the days I have come in when I’m miserable I’ve been asked non-stop if I’m okay, if I need to go home, etc. even after I explain going home will do nothing unless I can sleep.

    I work an hourly position with decent benifits; they’ve been allowing me to take sick time for this. I’m worried bringing up FMLA will put them in a different mindset looking at me(though everyone knows of my insomnia), but I’m worried if I don’t my job might be at risk. I’ve never seen anyone get fired in the two years I’ve been here, but I could still be the first.

    1. Fishsticks*

      Could you ask for flexible start time? So if you are can’t make it in at your start time it won’t be as major? (I know nothing about FMLA so I’m not going to comment on that)

      1. sleepy anon*

        I’m not sure. We don’t work late and have fixed business hours so I don’t know if a flexible start time would be possible. I’m hesitant to even bring up the whole thing unless I have a solid plan with a backup because my boss is very much a “come to me with a problem and a solution” kind of person.

    2. Schnoodle*

      Take care of yourself. Keep trying to get in with a sleep specialist, and yes, take FMLA if needed. Your health is #1. Your performance will only suffer if you’re only attempting to survive instead of recovering fully.

    3. Jadelyn*

      The whole point of FMLA is that they *can’t* put your job at risk for taking sick time, if you’re on FMLA. Please, please please do talk to your HR about FMLA. It will protect your job, not put it further at risk.

      If you don’t take FMLA and just try to power through, they can put you on a PIP for attendance or fire you for it.

      If you do take FMLA, your absences are protected and can’t be used against you.

    4. Bea*

      First are you in a company covered with FLMA? I know a lot of folks who want to invoke that right but you do have to work where there is more than 50 employees.

      I would approach them since this is chronic and you’re seeking treatment. So you call also see if you fall under ADA as well for reasonable accommodations which somewhat of a flex schedule may help.

      If they know it’s medial leave, many will cease side eyeing and acting put out. They can also get you more backup.

      Since you’re known for high productivity and it’s noticed, you can get a lot more empathy by being forward.

      When my mom needed Flma they bent over backwards to accommodate the leave and get her back because she’s a damn good worker they didn’t want to leave. Most decent HR and supervisors will understand it’s a medical situation.

      1. she was a fast machine*

        We definitely are covered; more than 50 employees and a government agency to boot. Unfortunately, though we don’t have actual HR so I’m nervous about approaching my boss about it, but I’ve emailed her to get an appointment next week so…we’ll see.

        1. Bea*

          How do you operate without HR…my eyes just popped at over 50ppl without someone watching out for legalities. Government jobs give my private sector self internal hives!!

          1. she was a fast machine*

            We have one lady who handles payroll and such and one lady(who is also the director’s secretary) who handles hiring and such. It is pretty scary but we usually don’t have any troubles. Honestly, everyone here truly seems to be a good person and wants what’s best for the org and the people who work here…but it is a ticking time bomb because it can’t possibly always stay that way.

          2. Doreen*

            I work for a state government and the tiny agencies don’t have their own HR, finance etc departments. But it’s not that there isn’t any HR – there’s a “shared services” arrangement where a larger agency’s HR department handles the smaller agency’s needs. It’s possible that your agency has a similar arrangement.

        2. Cowgirlinhiding*

          No HR is scary but do-able. If you get all of the FLMA paperwork together (go to US Department of Labor and look for FMLA) and present it to your boss so that he doesn’t have to do any extra work. The paper you are looking for is a Certification of Health Care Provider for Employee’s Serious Health Condition. You will take this to the doctor you are working with and they fill in the blanks. Gives your boss the information he needs to put on file to run your FMLA. They may require you use all of your sick leave before using starting the day count. Good luck – not having sleep is terrible.

    5. valentine*

      See if your doctor or your GP can refer you for a sleep study. When you ask for FMLA, mention you’re working with your doctor. If you can work from home or change your hours, or both, that seems a good place to start. If you sleep better when you don’t have a schedule to keep, look at the hours you keep and see how you might adjust them to get some work in. Maybe you need 9-12 hours of sleep, or you would do best working a split shift. If you could work from home for a week, perhaps with fewer deliverables due or tasks with longer timeframes, would you be able to experiment?

  29. CatCat*

    I read the news reported by the American Bar Association Journal and every now and then, there’s an interesting piece related to hiring and employment shenanigans. So this week, we learn that there’s more than one reason it may be a bad idea to interview a job candidate to dig up dirt on a competitor, record that conversation, and then use the responses to job interview questions in a legal action against your competitor. Aside from it just feeling icky, this is a good one because the guy who did it shows up in the comments to defend his company’s actions (that seems to go over like a lead balloon).

    “Sanctions motion argues law firm secretly recorded job interview to gain information for suit”
    http://www.abajournal.com/news/article/sanctions_motion_argues_law_firm_secretly_recorded_job_interview_to_gain

    1. fposte*

      The corollary to “don’t read the comments” has to be “don’t show up in the comments to defend yourself.”

    2. MissGirl*

      Somebody needs to take away that lawyer’s shovel. He just keeps digging, in a public forum using his own name, no less.

    3. Marthooh*

      But he’s protected by the Second Amendment!

      ‘The Second Amendment states: “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of the free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” The term “arms” is not defined, and certainly smartphones and other audio and video recorders are arms in that they can help keep the public safe..’

      I want to imagine the judge sputtering “Why, this is highly irregular! … but I’m going to allow it just for the entertainment value.”

    4. SubwayFan*

      Late to this party, but I actually know that guy. I used to work for a company in an industry closely linked with intellectual property. The company he was working for at the time tried to threaten my company over a free tool we had built as part of a marketing campaign, and man, I remember at the time thinking he was shady as all get out. Not surprised to see how this went down.

  30. Fishsticks*

    Hello!
    I wanted to get a feel for if I’m taking too much vacation time. I started last June right after graduation at a two person business. Since it’s so small, my boss doesn’t bother tracking my vacation/sick time and says “be reasonable” with how much vacation I take. I’ve taken off a day here and there and in January took a week off since I had family visiting. Now in May, I’ve taking 3 days off for an unexpected wedding and I plan on taking 3 days off in November for Thanksgiving and possibly a Friday off in July. Is this reasonable or should I try and cut back?

    tldr: Recently started and have no set vacation policy, am I taking too much time off?

    Thanks so much!

    1. Curious Cat*

      This seems like a reasonable amount of time off to me. I also started at my company last June after graduation and I took a few days off in the summer, a couple days for Thanksgiving, a couple extraneous random days, I have 3 days for May & planning a week in August. But it’s also dependent on company culture — so how much time off is everyone else taking? Do they seem to be doing the same thing? If your boss hasn’t said anything or seemed upset with your requests off, I’d take it to mean everything’s fine with your vacation.

      1. Fishsticks*

        It’s just me and him in the company so I can’t really compare it to anyone else unfortunately. Thank you for the advice!

    2. Schnoodle*

      I’d say it’s on the cuff. Many companies don’t even offer PTO the first year, and if they do it’s usually between 40-80 hours a year.

      I’d try to stick to 80 hours the first couple of years, but you’ll know the culture best. If they are totally okay with this much vacation, then do keep up your work life balance, it’s important. But from what I’ve seen, that’s a good bit of vacation to take your first year and a half. Not that I’m against it, just that Corporate American isn’t a huge fan.

      1. ThatGirl*

        I don’t think I’d ever work for a company that didn’t offer PTO the first year. Two to three weeks is pretty standard, though some places want you to wait 3 months or so to take any.

        1. Elmyra Duff*

          I just happened across a job posting this afternoon that bragged about 3 PTO days after a year of service. America is screwed up.

      2. Victoria Nonprofit (USA)*

        I have no idea of the statistics on this, but I’ve never encountered an employer that doesn’t offer PTO in the first year. I’d be very surprised to hear that it’s “most.”

        My jobs have offered (in my first year with them): 2 weeks, 3 weeks, 4 weeks, and 6 weeks. Obviously, I got progressively more senior (and hence had better benefits) with each of those roles.

        1. Schnoodle*

          I’m looking at it from the entry level employee.

          I personally haven’t taken a job offer in years that didn’t’ specify I had 3 weeks PTO to start, but I’m senior management.

        2. Victoria Nonprofit (USA)*

          Right, but I’ve literally never run across an organization that offers zero PTO for entry-level employees. None of the orgs I worked for had that policy (entry-level PTO at my four employers was 2 weeks, 3 weeks, 4 weeks, and 3 weeks).

          1. Schnoodle*

            Both my current and last position, entry level “field” or “floor” employees didn’t have vacation until they worked a year.

            Before that, they did have it, but it was accrued so it would take a whole year to get the 40hrs/80 hrs whatever the policy was, so not immediate.

            That said, I’ve always worked for SMALL companies (500 or less, usually closer to 100).

            1. Amy Farrah Fowler*

              My sister’s company has the STINGIEST PTO policy. I hate it on her behalf. She’s hourly and accrues vacation based on hours worked, so if on any given week she doesn’t hit her 40 (or take vacation/sick time to make up the difference), she doesn’t accrue all of her vacation. Those hours do not become available to her until her anniversary date.

              So no vacation the first YEAR and that first year, you only accrue 40 hrs. She got sick during her first few months and missed several days (completely unexpected/unavoidable), so when her anniversary rolled around, she only got something like 38 hours. Absolutely ridiculous. She even had to argue with them this last year because they gave her a bereavement day when our grandmother passed so she could go to the funeral… but the system didn’t have her accruing PTO for the bereavement day, I know it’s a very small fraction of an hour, but the principle of it is absolutely disgusting.

              My job is 4 wks PTO and I can use it as I accrue it and the company will allow you to go up to, I think 40 hours in the negative (which really impressed me because a lot of places won’t allow you to go negative in PTO)

          2. Elmyra Duff*

            Warehouses, retail, food, general labor. Mostly anything that aren’t in an office. Data entry and call centers are bad about this, too. Blue collar jobs almost never offer anything in the first year, unless it’s some kind of unicorn company.

    3. Moonlight Doughnut*

      It sounds like you can just ask! Show your proposed schedule to your boss and ask if it’s acceptable! Say something like: “It’s great that you’ve offered me some flexibility with regard to my days off, but I want to make sure I’m still putting in the hours you want and accomplishing the needs of your business. Here’s the planned vacation time I have for the next 6-12 months, and it’s likely I’ll need a couple of sick days/mental health days throughout that time period. In total, about X or X+2 days. Does that seem reasonable to you?”

    4. Jennifer*

      This is gonna depend on your work culture big time. I don’t think this sounds unreasonable though whatsoever.

      I think “unreasonable” would be something like taking more than 2 weeks off at a stretch (though if you do some long international trip, that’s probably not doable), or taking lots of weeks off throughout the year. If you were out for a week at least once a month or something like that.

    5. TotesMaGoats*

      Ask your boss! I’m struggling with how to frame it that doesn’t come off like “i’m newbie and need your guidance” but maybe a loop into a conversation about other things you are checking on?
      “Can you give me feedback on how I”m handling X, Y and Z tasks?”
      “You rock. Here’s a couple things I notice but otherwise. Good job Fishsticks.”
      “Thanks. Is my PTO usage in line with what you were expecting?”

      I’m still not super happy with the last line but that’s where I would go with it.

      1. Fishsticks*

        Thank you for the possible lines! I check in with him every other morning or so and every evening before I leave just because of the size of the company so it’s pretty easy to work those in!

    6. Tardigrade*

      That all sounds like about 2-3 weeks spread out over the year, which doesn’t seem unreasonable to me but my opinion doesn’t matter. If you’re really concerned, ask your boss about it.

    7. Rookie Manager*

      I think that seems like a very small amount of leave, however I’m UK based. For comparison I am at the bottom of my organisations leave allowance. Couple of days in January, a couple of days in March, a week booked in June, 1 day in June, 2 weeks booked for September a couple of days in November and I still have plenty room to book Christmas and anything that comes up.

    8. Fishsticks*

      Thanks so much for comments! I just wanted to make sure it seemed reasonable from an outside perspective since the company is so small and I can’t compare myself to anyone for stuff like this.

    9. LKW*

      I get about 5 weeks of personal time per year – which is a lot. If you’re in this range, when you start adding it up – you’re fine. If you’re over, it might be worthwhile to consider if you’re taking advantage. If you’re very under – then take some damn time for yourself.

      1. Jady*

        I think 5 weeks is pretty high. OP is just out of college. OP wouldn’t typically get that much PTO at an average company (in the US).

    10. Jady*

      Up to 15 days of total absences is reasonable for your average office job (10 days vacation, 5 sick leave). If you go over 15, it’d be best to talk to your boss.

      Since he seems so casual about time tracking, I wouldn’t be concerned until it’s over 15.

    11. LilySparrow*

      It sounds like you took about 10 days in your first 12 months, but you waited till you’d been there 6 months to take a whole week. That sounds reasonable. Most places I’ve worked gave 5-10 days PTO the first year, then it went up to 15 days after you’d been there a few years.

      I worked one place where you got 10 days PTO the first year, but it accrued. IIRC, it was no PTO for 6 months, then you got 40 hours, and added 8 hours at a time until you got to 80 hours.

      Assuming your “calendar” starts over on your hire anniversary, your planned time off for July and November would be in your second year.

    12. yep*

      Since it’s such a small company I’d go to your boss and just say “hey this is what I’m thinking for vacations this year.” It might be he wants the same Friday in July off and would rather you be there to keep the place open. My fiance works for a SUPER small tech company (I think there’s 7 employees total?) and basically as long SOMEONE is around to keep the place operating and your work is getting done, they don’t really track days off.

    13. MeM*

      Large corporations that I’ve worked for, and govt positions, seem to give ~10 to 13 days of paid holidays a year. Large corps I’ve worked for have seemed to add in addition to the holidays 80 hrs/yr for 10 yrs service or less, 120 hrs at 15 years service and 160 at 20 years of service and staying there. Govt jobs often have annual leave that accrues at the rate of 4 hrs every two weeks for less than 3 years of service, 6 hrs every two weeks for 3 to 15 years of service, and 8 hrs every two weeks for more than 15 years of service.

  31. Bend & Snap*

    After 2 1/2 of post merger hell and a 9-month interview process, I finally nailed down a new job! Remote work, great title, great money, in a subject area I’m really excited about.

    Giving my notice on Monday!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  32. Muriel Heslop*

    I am special ed teacher and I’m quitting my job soon because of the paperwork load. It’s just too, too much. Love the kids; endure the parents.

    What should I say to colleagues and other people who respond to news of my leaving with, “Please don’t quit – we need teachers like you!” My only responses so far have been rude or snarky (and I am generally neither.) I really don’t want to get into it with people.

    1. Parenthetically*

      “Thank you so much, what a kind thing to say.” Possibly adding, if appropriate, “I’ll definitely miss working with these kids.” *subject change*

      1. Muriel Heslop*

        “I’ll really miss the kids” is perfect and definitely true. Thank you! I’m so emotional about people telling me to stay in my job that I cannot think straight.

        1. Parenthetically*

          Absolutely. My mother is a now-retired public school teacher who did several years in Special Ed, and I know it’s very much not for the faint of heart.

          I think for the most part what people are really saying is, “You are a good person and your job matters.” I think if you can take it as a compliment and respond accordingly, it’ll short-circuit the ILP/IEP paperwork-related rage spiral. ;)

    2. Julianne (also a teacher)*

      If by any chance you work in a state where teachers have recently or are planning to go on strike, hand them a newspaper clipping about that. Actually, there are probably other published things about the particular challenges of being a sped teacher that you could hand them.

      Anyone who wants to tell us to stay in our jobs who hasn’t dealt with our daily nonsense can go jump in a lake. (I say this as someone not looking to leave the profession, but I have come to realize this year that my original intention of spending my whole career as a classroom teacher was overly optimistic.)

      1. Muriel Heslop*

        Seriously. It’s not my co-workers telling me to stay. People who have been in the classroom know that it’s not for the faint-hearted!

      2. Millennial Lawyer*

        I wouldn’t get into it necessarily with well meaning colleagues/friends trying to pay OP a compliment. (Even though I’d feel like saying, you try it then!!)

        Educators are not paid nearly enough for what they do. I encourage OP and everyone who feels they have to leave to write to their local elected officials.

        1. Julianne*

          Oh, definitely not – honestly, other teachers don’t say this sort of thing, though, so my response was based on the assumption that Muriel was talking about non-teachers saying this sort of thing. When another teacher leaves the profession, teachers around that person who stay might think, “Hmm, not the move I would make,” or “Gosh, we’re losing a great person,” or “WOW, wish I could do the same!” or probably many more things, but I think few of us would seriously say “Don’t quit, we need teachers like you!” I mean, we do need them, but even teachers who love their jobs the majority of the time understand that it is an incredibly challenging job and that for some teachers, moving on is truly the right choice.

      3. ABC123*

        I am feeling the same way and ready to leave elementary education. The timing is right because my husband’s job is forcing a relocation. I am at a loss as to what my School Principal skill set converts to outside of what I currently do. Any ideas for where to begin a job search and skills I may not realize can be put to work in a different environment?

    3. A Teacher*

      I love teaching but the expectations of the profession have become too much.

      That’s what I’d go with and I think most every person in the teaching profession can relate to that.

      Signed,

      A Veteran and Tired Teacher

    4. bookarts*

      As the parent of a special needs student, what should I be doing to make your job easier? I don’t relish the idea of handing my child over to someone who thinks “Ugh” of me.

      1. A Teacher*

        Its not most parents, probably 1 in 10 but in general (and my daughter has an IEP so I get that angle too). The mentality in education is that we should do more with less in so many ways its disgusting. I teach healthcare, vocational education and dual credit. In one course I threw the books out because they were from 1998 and falling apart. The year I taught sociology, the books were at least 10 years old and dated. I ask kids to have pen and paper and yet will have kids coming in with the expectation that I am to provide the supplies they need all the time. Parents that get upset when I don’t take really late work or when I can’t make their child’s grade go up from a “F” and I’m willing to give more extra credit because it is more work for me when they chose to not do the work in the first place. Parents that don’t believe the teacher–most teachers (yes, some are terrible, hello any profession) do not want to waste the time to write up a kid its yet more paperwork and time. The “well I just needed to get your side of the story” mentality all the time. Lack of respect for my classroom–and its not bad compared to some of the video I saw online–but kids leaving trash or breaking computers, its a real thing. I had 4 laptops that had to be repaired this year because a few kids stuck paperclips in the ethernet ports. Parents were angry because I wouldn’t allow them to use my laptop cart for quite a while.

        On top of parents, its the endless mandates or changes that are detrimental to students. In my district, unless its dual credit (which I teach) we are required to give 40% minimum for a grade. So you can sit and breathe, or heck not come to school and the worst grade I can give is a 40%. Next year they are talking about requiring teachers to give retakes if kids don’t get the grade they want on tests and assignments. They fail to think about how much more time this takes and on why it impacts the child negatively. Most of you can’t have a “retake” of your job and if you don’t turn in a product or do your job, your boss probably has a problem with that. I love my job but some of the things coming about–its just not okay.

        1. Jennifer*

          Heck, some student now has Blake Shelton’s textbook from 30+ years ago in an article on Vox.

      2. urban teacher*

        I , for the most part, never say “Ugh” about a parent. The few times I have is because a parent is being completely unrealistic about their child. I appreciate the ones who advocate for their child but if your child is in high school and reading at a 2nd grade level, please don’t insist they are going to college and I need to help them.
        Or the opposite, if I suggest that your child can do some chores and attend a program in the community, don’t tell me they are incapable of doing anything.

      3. Jennifer*

        It’s probably not you, but there are always Some People out there in any job who like to make people’s lives difficult.

      4. chi type*

        “…what should I be doing to make your job easier?”
        Seems like you could ask your child’s teacher that, no?

        1. Thursday Next*

          I think it’s worth soliciting feedback here, anonymously, at least as a start. Having several teachers weigh in here could yield some useful information.

        2. bookarts*

          I have done so. That means I have gathered one opinion, and that in a non-anonymous setting. The answers my fellow commentators have given me are useful, and I’m grateful for them. Seems a bystander would take in this scene and refrain from joining in with nothing constructive to add.

      5. Totally Minnie*

        I was in elementary ed for a while, and I come from a family of teachers, but none in sped.

        In my experience, the main reason a teacher might have an “ugh” reaction toward a parent is typically if that parent’s expectations don’t line up with what the teacher is saying. This is true of grades as well as disciplinary actions. If I tell a parent about an incident of bad behavior and the parent refuses to believe my account, it’s an “ugh” moment. If I tell a parent that their child is behind in a certain area and needs extra intervention and the parent responds with accusations of how I must be a horrible teacher if I can’t keep all my students at grade level, it’s definitely and “ugh” moment.

        In most cases, those moments come from a lack of respect for the teacher as both a person and a professional. If you’re communicating with your child’s teacher in a consistently respectful way, you’re probably not one of the parents that sets of the “ugh” reflex.

    5. Thursday Next*

      “I’ll miss teaching, too–I’ve always loved working with children. It’s been a pleasure to see them grow and learn.”

      I think if you could reframe the questions as a compliment, it could be helpful to you. You’re certainly not alone in your frustration with the challenges of teaching in under-resourced schools and dealing with [insert adjective of choice here] parents.

      That said, may I offer you, and all the teachers here–especially special education teachers–my heartfelt appreciation for the work you do? It’s not easy, it’s undercompensated, it’s overbureaucratized, and it’s vitally important. Thank you.

    6. WorkingOnIt*

      I guess take it as a compliment – they’re trying to say you’re great at what you do, or that they can’t imagine the place without you. I’d say something in the region of that’s sweet of you to say but it’s no longer the right job for me, depending on the person you can get detailed if they ask further or just repeat it’s no longer the job for me.

    7. Traveling Teacher*

      “I’ve decided that this is the best move for me right now; maybe I’ll come back when the timing is right.”

      Variations of the good old “It’s not you; it’s me,” breakup phrase were what I said when I left full-time teaching. I still teach, in a way, with what I do now, and people come to me all the time for teaching advice, but full time classroom teaching was taking a huge toll on my health and personal life. I’m much happier now.

      For the record, I say good for you for knowing that you need to step down from this role.

  33. Job Searching in Jacksonville*

    So, I have two trips planned for this summer. As my name implies I am job searching, so I am trying to figure out if/when I need to bring these trips up to my potential employer and I dont anticipate getting PTO to cover the time, just unpaid time off. One of these trips is for the first week of July and the other is a week centered over labor day weekend. When I get a job offer I know i need to bring up any trips I am planning to take, but should I bring up both at the offer stage or should I try to just pick one and focus on only getting the approval for that one? In my dream world I would have a new job by the end of this month but it could be more likely to take another month or two past that, so the July date might not even be an issue and I would only need to bring up the labor day trip. But if I were to get a job offer by the end of the month, what would you suggest? Should I bring up both or just pick one and cancel the other or do something else?

    1. Schnoodle*

      Both of these are around holidays, so I’d be careful. The new hire getting the days off around a holiday won’t be your best first impression.

      That said, maybe focus on the most important trip and just ask if it would be okay to go unpaid those days. I have done this at two jobs where I had a european trip planned (family there) and it always went over well. Either I went in the hold on PTO or it was unpaid.

      1. Yorick*

        Ask for both times off but think about which one you’d prefer if they don’t seem willing to give both.

    2. Namast'ay in Bed*

      Absolutely bring up both at the offer stage. Companies know that people come into new jobs with pre-planned vacation time and are usually pretty reasonable and accommodating about them.

      1. zora*

        This. I’ve done it before in a pretty low level job and it was fine.
        After I received the offer, I responded “I have some trips already planned for [dates]. I’m hoping that won’t be a problem.”

        They MIGHT respond that some of them won’t work, so think ahead of time if there is a negotiation which are most important and which you’d be willing to cancel if needed. But it’s very likely it won’t be an issue at all.

  34. baconeggandcheeseplease*

    I’ve been searching the archives, and I haven’t really found that much on job searching in a different city aside from Alison’s US News article and a few other random tidbits. Does anyone know of any good posts I might have missed from years ago? I’m moving from NYC to Chi in August, so any/all long distance job searching tips would be helpful!

    I’m mostly worried about navigating interviews from afar (logistics about trying to do video interviews without having to take off a ton of half days, etc) and if employers will be put off by me not being able to start until August when I’m applying now.

      1. baconeggandcheeseplease*

        I think I have read those, but I’ll re-read just in case I missed something in the comments. Thanks!

  35. Anonymous Person*

    Finally after months of searching I got a call from one of my references with promising information. I never take calls about my job search in my office because the walls are thin and we are required to leave our doors open, but today for the first time I closed my door and took a call in my office; my boss is out of town and I’m so, so tired of finding places to hide and hoping people will be there when I call them back.

    So of course when I opened my office door, there was the boss. I have no idea how much of my side of the conversation he heard.

    Do I play it cool and never mention it? Assume he already knows I’m looking based on all the time I take off for “appointments” that are really interviews?

    I hope I get an offer soon!

    1. Jennifer*

      I wouldn’t mention it. Think of some excuse like you are dealing with family drama or medical issue that you need some quiet/privacy to deal with if asked.

      1. Me--Blargh*

        I’d just say “I needed a little bit of privacy for this call” and leave it at that.

  36. ??*

    I have a performance review coming up. My reviews have generally been excellent, but I was out on FMLA for a while (prior to this review period) and still feel like I’m working at 75% capacity. I may be over-worrying (that has not been reflected in my performance reviews since I returned) but our office is heavily overburdened right now, and I’ve been concerned about whether I’m pulling my weight. Is that a legit thing to ask about? Or does it make me sound unprofessional/over-anxious, given that my reviews haven’t indicated a concern? I’m not sure I could realistically do more than I am right now, either, which also makes me hesitant about raising the question. But perhaps there is something I could work towards as I get healthier over time.

    1. Science!*

      I had my performance review in February, for my 2017 year – which involved 4 weeks of medical bedrest then 8 weeks of maternity leave, then a month after I came back my dad passed away and I had to leave to manage the funeral.

      I was honest and upfront that I struggled coming back from all that and recognized that my productivity was lower than I had hoped, but then I entered into what I hoped to accomplish this coming year and what my goals were. I think it worked well for me, though I’ll admit I didn’t look at how he rated me because I’d already decided to apply to an internal position (which I was also upfront about and my boss though would be a better fit for me as well).

    2. Bea*

      They will most likely tread lightly and unless something has really dropped drastically accept that being on FLMA leave means that you’re going to need time to reacclimate to returning! Unless they’re scummy without any empathy and humanity.

      I would let them know it’s on your radar and you’re working on getting back into the groove. I am candid and open with my bosses and it’s never bit me except once and that guy was indeed scum.

    3. Bend & Snap*

      This has been me since September due to illness.

      Not only did I get a glowing performance review, my boss praised me in the review for the handoff of work, effective expectation setting when I was out or could not be very responsive, and otherwise didn’t mention the issues at all.

      So I wouldn’t worry too, too much. You are protected and it sounds like you’ve been communicating about what you can and can’t handle.

  37. all aboard the anon train*

    Has anyone left a relatively stable corporate job for a startup?

    I’m in a final round of a startup interview. It’s one that’s run and founded by women so there’s no huge sense of bro culture, but they’re in the seeking funding stage and rolling out their first batch of product (they’re e-commerce), and I’m nervous about the company going under within a few months if they don’t raise more revenue or if they lose all their original backers (they funded the first time through crowdfunding).

    I have a corporate job that pays ok (the startup is a $30K raise) and I can come and go as I please and work from home whenever I want, but I’m so bored and there’s no room for growth or promotion. I know startups are a big risk, but does anyone have any insight on moving from corporate to startups? Pros/cons? Why you did it/regretted it?

    1. D. Llama*

      There’s a lot of uncertainty here. If they go belly-up in six months, what’s your plan?

    2. Irene Adler*

      Pros: get to be in on the ground floor. Exciting!

      Will advance quickly as the start-up grows. So you’ll be “in charge” of the dept. So you can have a big voice in whomever gets hired in your dept (and maybe other depts. too!). Might ask about who funds any add’l education you might need to fully handle new job positions/tasks you are promoted into. You’ll end up doing and learning a lot about other positions and job tasks. Job roles less rigidly defined. Get to be a part of establishing company culture. So ask about things like work from home or flex time or bringing dog to work days or Thursday happy hours. Start-ups tend to be looser regarding these things.

      Cons: no regular salary increases (so procure as high a salary up front that you can)-regardless of what they tell you up front. When money is tight everything is on the table. Might go years w/o any change to salary (yep, not even cost of living). Might be promoted w/o any change in pay. Benefits might be few or terminated down the line due to cost-cutting. You might have to pay for a portion of what benefits you do enjoy.
      Yeah, possible layoffs. Funds get tight at times so even stationery supplies can get scarce. Money/funding is always a topic folks talk about. Always.
      Job role less rigidly defined- my boss is VP of R&D and Quality And he’s our IT guy.

      1. Dzhymm*

        Advancing as the company grows is not guaranteed. Most startups do not grow organically into large operations; they either quietly fizzle out or are acquired by larger entities. This means that if you start as the teapot painter for StartupCo, it’s much more likely that you’ll be Teapot Decorator Third Class when StartupCo is bought by MegaCorp than it is for you to become VP of Hot Beverage Containers when StartupCO IPOs.

        As for salary… not only are salary *increases* not guaranteed… salary isn’t either. When money gets tight be prepared for payless paydays along with a litany of promises and excuses to string you along and keep you working.

        1. Optimistic Prime*

          My MegaCorp has bought a couple of StartupCo.s in the time since I’ve been here and I’ve seen it go both ways. Often the people who got in on the ground floor stick around and have high-level positions in the new division; sometimes they don’t. You’ll almost always have less autonomy though, regardless of the title and pay.

      2. all aboard the anon train*

        They’re in a wework office right now (the company is based on the west coast and they’re opening an east coast office for the tech/PM team).

        I think I would be okay without a change in salary for a few years since the $30K raise from my current salary finally puts me in the position where half my month’s pay covers all my bills/utilities.

        My concern is that they said they have an angel investor and a product runway of a few quarters, but they’re spending the next year focusing on refining the product rather than generating revenue streams. They rolled out their product too quickly and the crowdfunding customers are complaining that is has some issues. I kept pushing about stability and funding, and they said they couldn’t promise anything beyond 12 months.

        I know even corporate jobs aren’t guaranteed, but I think jumping to a startup is riskier because at least my very large corporate company (as past situations have shown) would still take forever to cut out any business units or jobs that need to be eliminated.

    3. Glomarization, Esq.*

      Since start-ups can be so risky, if it were me, I’d take that $30,000 raise and treat it as if I’d never seen it. I’d toss it directly into savings/retirement and not alter my lifestyle.

    4. Bea*

      I’m pro start ups and adventures.

      My cautions are your stability, can you afford to have them fold and be unemployed for awhile? Are they paying you via payroll or trying to pull a contractors scam? How well do you get along with the founders and do you know much of them at all? It’s an intimate setting, how do they manage and flex power?

      If you’re comfortable with some uncertainty and not pay check to pay check, the adventure is worth it. You can go back to the corporate world one day. You usually aren’t suddenly at a disadvantage for trying a job out and not having it turn into your life long endeavor.

      The folks here are conservative about start ups but I’m a liberal PNW business enthusiast. So dig down deep and follow your heart.

      1. Optimistic Prime*

        I live in the PNW as well and I’ve seen people jump from corporate to startup to corporate so often I’m like hey, why not?! I would’ve never thought that before moving out here.

    5. Jady*

      My husband left a steady job he disliked for a startup that did end up going under after about a year.

      Pros were good pay, decent benefits, lots of flexibility, the ‘bro-‘ culture which he enjoyed, being able to get his feed wet in multiple different job responsibilities, overall less scrutiny and formal processes and red tape. And although the job didn’t last, he believed that since he was one of the first handful of employees (and getting a ton of positive feedback and experience) , it put him in a prime position to be promoted rapidly as they grew.

      The down side was, of course, the risk factor. They did go under, after all. However, I will note that for us – it wasn’t a significant concern because we were financially stable even if he lost the job.

      He loved it and would do it again.

      On the flip side, some of the pros for him could be cons for other people. There can be an expectation of longer hours and passion for the job. You’re expected to do things outside of your typical job, you may be doing the work of 2 or more people. You may be doing a lot of work that you do not enjoy. If finances are stressed, it may create a lot of anxiety about the company going under.

      Also if they are under 50 employees (I think that’s the number?), a lot of laws don’t apply to them (US). I think FMLA is one of them.

      You definitely need to have a Plan B for if the job goes under. Personally I wouldn’t advise it if your finances are strained significantly.

      1. Bea*

        50 employees is for FLMA. But 1 employee falls under OSHA and 5 employees for Fair Wage, 20 for Age Discrimination. The numbers vary drastically, 50 isn’t the magic number for employment laws :)

      2. all aboard the anon train*

        The risk factor is my biggest issue because it’s just me in my household. I have some medical issues I know I’ll need to pay for in the future and while the $30K salary raise would help me pay for them, losing a job would leave me in a big bind.

        I think what you said about finances causing the anxiety is where I’m hung up. I do think the product has potential and I like the company and that the executive board and founders are really diverse (so many different types of women). My finances aren’t strained and I can pay my rent and bills and chip away at debt, but I think I’m always going to worry about money. The anxiety that comes from remembering what it’s like to live and grow up without much money.

        I honestly just don’t know what that Plan B would look like tbh.

        1. Product person*

          I left corporate jobs for startups, and was the victim of a layoff or jumped ship as soon as I saw early signs (luckily finding another job right before all my former colleagues were laid off).

          It can be a fascinating experience, but without a spouse with healthcare coverage, I’d strongly recommend staying or looking for another job at a company that is past product-market fit. The statistics of startup survival as dismal, and in your situation I wouldn’t risk it.

          1. all aboard the anon train*

            I mean, I’d have healthcare coverage at the startup, and if I ever got laid off from my corporate job, I’d be in the same bind in terms of no healthcare. It’s more the money to cover anything that might crop up health wise if I lose a job, but I know that’s an issue I face regardless of the type of company it is. I’m never going to have a spouse with healthcare coverage, so.

    6. Anon Passenger on the Anon Train*

      I did! And I lost that job in less than a year when it went belly up and I have no regrets. I was working for a big player in e-commerce and had just lost all enthusiasm for the job. I was coasting after returning from a long vacation and I didn’t know how to get back into things when I heard from a former co-worker about the start-up. Part of it was great. I got to learn a shiny new technology working with people I admired and for a company that had a better mission than my e-com job. Unfortunately, the company was trying to do too many things at once and they didn’t get second round funding and became the local poster child for dot com excess goes bust. They might have succeeded if they had cut the business down to one core focus, but the founders had that go big or go home mentality and so we all went home…and learned they hadn’t paid the health insurance, taxes or 401K allocations. They eventually did, but it was very messy.

      I’m concerned about that 30k change in salary. If you’re going to be a contractor, you’re not getting a raise, you’re paying for your own benefits. Can you afford a short-term position on your record or will it look like more job hopping? And you really need a plan B. I was married when I joined my start-up. And I’ve worked for a variety of start-ups and small businesses for most of my career. It’s given me interesting work and a good variety of skills but it hasn’t been as financially rewarding.

      All start-ups have dreamers, but they also need do-ers. Are there enough do-ers in your start-up and how do you feel about being one? It’s a higher level of commitment to a job when you’re making a dream happen. I like that they’re focusing on improving the product, but how do they think that will bring them new customers? And what’s their long-term goal? Do they want to run the business or sell it and when?

      If you take the job, keep an eye out for changes. If little perks, like newspapers in the break room start disappearing, start looking. Same for if they start paying bills later. Check your 401K regularly to make sure your account is up-to-date. Keep enough in your checking account to act as a buffer against bounced paychecks. (Better yet, direct deposit into savings and transfer just enough into checking to pay your bills…it’s a great way to build savings fast.) Keep a good eye on your expense reimbursements and get an advance for any trips that will require a lot of money out of pocket. Some of my co-workers lost thousands in unpaid reimbursements. I’m not saying don’t do it…just look hard before you leap. But it could be that this start-up would better serve you as encouragement to find a different job that is both rewarding and stable.

      1. all aboard the anon train*

        I’m wouldn’t be a contractor. It’s a $30K raise as a full-time salaried employee with healthcare and a 401K, so that $30K does make a big difference. I’ve been at my other roles for 3 – 5 years each, so a short stay won’t really look bad on my resume. The office is a co-working space or remote three to four days a week.

        I guess I just really don’t know what a plan B would look like. I’ve never had one for any job aside from funneling away money in a savings account in case I get laid off.

        I think my pros are the higher salary and the chance to get more e-commerce experience which is way more valuable than anything I have now. Unfortunately, most of the more stable corporate jobs are looking for the type of experience I can’t get at my current company, but a startup offers.

        1. Peggy*

          How in-demand are your skills? If you’re laid off or your startup goes under, are there other jobs in your area that you’re qualified for?

          Losing a start-up job isn’t the end of the world, if the jobs in your field aren’t scarce where you live. You can spin the story: “I was ready for a change and took an amazing opportunity at XYZ, which was a crash course in A, B, and C and allowed for some incredible personal and professional growth. While ultimately the company (if it folded) or role (if you got laid off) didn’t have staying power, I don’t regret a thing because I was able to do D, E, and F during my time there. I gained some very valuable experience and skills, and now I’m seeking this role which is a good fit for [reasons].”

          I recommend negotiating severance as part of your package before accepting an offer. If laid off within one year, maybe 1-2 months of pay and benefits. Not sure what the norm is for your industry but it’s something you can ask for and is pretty normal for a startup negotiation.

          I think the extra pay and experience are worth the risk, as long as a layoff wouldn’t leave you jobless for a long period of time due to a lack of relevant jobs in your area. Pay down your debt but don’t throw every penny at it – build yourself an emergency fund so you can pay for 6 months of living expenses if you’re out of a job.

          Good luck!

  38. Social anxiety at work*

    Hey ya’ll! I’m struggling with low-key social anxiety & imposter syndrome at work. I’m a mid-career professional, and have been able to keep a handle on it thus far but I’ve been asked to take on more of a leadership role (which involves leading meetings with higher-level team leadership, forming strategy and aligning teams on responsibilities). It’s stressing me out!

    I know that I can do these things (and do them well), but every time I have an upcoming meeting that I need to lead or presentation I need to give (even to small groups of 2-3) I shut down and find it hard to get any other work done the week before because I’m constantly worrying about it. How can I get over this? Help!!

    1. Parenthetically*

      Things that help me:

      Decide when you’re “done” preparing — either when you feel 85% prepared, or when you can check off Tangible Markers of Preparedness A, B, and C (I’ve gone over the presentation twice, my notes and materials are all in a file, I’ve booked the conference room, and I’ve taken five really slow, deep breaths, or whatever is relevant to you).

      Actively seek feedback — choose a couple of trusted coworkers and ask them in advance of the meeting/presentation to be on the lookout for things you could do better and things they feel like you’ve got down. Ask them to shoot you a bullet point email afterwards.

      Force yourself to reflect on things that went well in every meeting or presentation. Sit down and write it out. “Meeting room was booked correctly. Didn’t have spinach in teeth or zipper down. Spoke clearly. Communicated the goals of the meeting. Survived entire meeting with no deer-in-headlights looks from coworkers.” Etc.

      Don’t just ask “what if,” ANSWER “what if.” “What if I bomb the presentation and nobody understands anything?” “Well, that’s not likely because I’ve prepared X, Y, and Z and I’ve done it a few times before, but it’ll be ok because I’ll follow up with the attendees and clarify.”

      Basically, anything that allows you to get outside perspective and be a little more objective about your performance is GOOD. Impostor Syndrome is emotional, not factual, so I find if I can use it as a tool to force myself to seek and acknowledge facts, it really lessens my emotional entanglement with “success.”

    2. einahpets*

      I can definitely relate! I’m also mid-career and just started a new / slightly higher title role with bigger responsibilities. I am good at the technical stuff in my field, but this job is much more project management than I’ve done and sometimes I definitely get myself in a worry-loop that I am going to be found out for the imposter I think I am.

      What has worked for me in the last few years is finding a few contacts/informal mentors that are a bit further along in their career. They’ve been great at giving me the confidence boost when I am not sure I can do it or have a situation that is giving me a lot of anxiety.

      On starting those relationships — it was so so hard the first time to send the first email or text to each person, especially with my own social anxiety that has me convinced that everyone would just be annoyed/uninterested, but it hasn’t really worked out that way yet. If anything, now some of the contacts have even started messaging me with their own questions about ‘what would you do here?’ which gave me a bit of a boost of confidence to realize that others see my experience and opinions as valid.

      1. Social anxiety at work*

        This is really helpful (and knowing that other successful folks also struggle with similar things is comforting, in a way). Thank you so much!

    3. AnotherLibrarian*

      If you’re not seeing a therapist about this, you may want too. Mine has been incredibly helpful.

      Beyond that I think Parenthetically had some great tips. One of the things I do is make a massive check list of all the things I need to do to prepare, including time for review. When I have completed the checklist, I am done.

      1. Social anxiety at work*

        Yeah… I’ve always told myself that it’s not “bad enough” for me to see a therapist but I’ve definitely just been pushing the problem aside and ignoring it :/

        It’s good to hear that you’ve found therapy helpful. I think I’m ready to bite the bullet and try it out… I’m so tired of feeling this way.

      2. Social anxiety at work*

        Yeah… I’ve always told myself that I don’t have it “bad enough” to warrant therapy, but I’ve definitely just been pushing the problem aside and ignoring it.

        I’m glad to hear that you’ve found therapy to be helpful. I think I’m ready to bite the bullet and try it out… I’m so tired of feeling this way :/

        1. AnotherLibrarian*

          It took a lot of phone calls until I found mine, but she has genuinely helped me transform my own social anxiety. It has been so helpful.

        2. AnonJ*

          You might also consider a professional business coach type of person. My company engaged one for our newly formed leadership team and while I was initially suspicious, she turned out to be incredibly effective in helping us both individually and as a team. As a team we’ve worked on how we run our meetings, brainstorm/work through issues, make decisions, and present information and ideas. On an individual level she’s helped me with how I prepare for and lead meetings, present my ideas in an effective and confident manner, solicit and receive feedback, and truly be a leader who is aware and engaged with what is going on around me. Having worked with her for over a year now on the company’s dime, I could definitely see myself personally engaging with someone like her if my company wasn’t willing to do it. I went all in with utilizing her as a resource once I got over my initial skepticism, and I’ve got so much out of it and improved my leadership skills so much I just got promoted from Operations Manager to VP of Operations!

  39. KR*

    Dear Commute OP in LA from earlier this week,
    I heard the traffic report on NPR today about how backed up LA is rn. I’m sorry and hope you make it to work soon.

  40. JJJJShabado*

    Background: There was a User Group for the Software I work with in my area in the past. My supervisor had a big hand in it, but over time it stopped meeting/doing things. Someone is starting it back up again and sent an e-mail to my supervisor to ask if she was interested. She past it around to our department and I expressed interest. I had an e-mail exchange with the organizer and he seems to think that I have more interest in it than I actually do (organizing, being an officer, etc). I’m backing out of this because I don’t have much more interest than correspondence/occasional meetings.

    My question is that as part of our correspondence, he asked if I had any contacts. I replied no, but there was a day at a local college where there were presentations about the software and gave him the name of the professor. He wants me to contact the professor (I think I’m going to push that back to the organizer, since I never spoke with the professor). Can I suggest that he ask the professor to pass along about the User Group to the people who attended the presentation if there some kind of mailing list? Judging by me (since I’d presumably get that e-mail), I would not be annoyed if I got an e-mail about the User Group.

    1. Forking Great Username*

      For privacy reasons, I would be very surprised if they’ll give you names and contact info of the people who attended the event.

    2. valentine*

      This person seems so pushy, why not stop doing their admin/sales and return to the participant side?

  41. Moonlight Doughnut*

    Calling fellow archivists!: One of the jobs that I’m applying for has a (required) open-ended question that states: “Please share an online location where we can see one or more finding aids that you prepared.” However all of the archives I’ve worked with have been internal-use-only or else super-small, and none of them have my finding aids published online. Help!: Should I write that none of my finding aid are published on the internet and offer to send some via email OR use a dropbox/googledocs link (which seems like it would look weird/unofficial).

    Also–has expecting this become standard in our field? If so it seems to greatly disadvantage archivists who work with small (non-tech-savvy) archives and those who work with restricted or otherwise non-public collections…

    1. GigglyPuff*

      I think you’d be fine with explaining, maybe in the bottom of the cover letter and the email (if you are emailing your application in), and if you’re able attach a PDF of one of the finding aids you’ve done.

      1. Moonlight Doughnut*

        Unfortunately, it’s one of those annoying online forms that doesn’t allow for any attachments. :( Otherwise, that would have been ideal.

        1. I think this is the job I'm hiring for*

          I think that there is an opportunity for attachments, possibly only one, somewhere in the application form. If you want to attach multiple documents, just save them all as a single PDF.

    2. LostInTheStacks*

      That answer sounds good! It’s a perfectly reasonable explanation, and I think either “here’s a dropbox link” or “I can follow up via email, let me know which method you prefer” would work. For what it’s worth, I’ve been job searching a lot recently and have never seen that question come up, so I don’t think it’s a new standard.

    3. cwethan*

      I think it has become standard, but I also wouldn’t bat an eye if a candidate said “mine aren’t accessible online due to technology restraints at the institutions I produced them for, but I could email you a PDF.”

      1. cwethan*

        ETA: I mean standard for finding aids to be accessible online. I’ve never been asked to provide one for a job or asked for one while hiring.

        1. Moonlight Doughnut*

          Thanks! Definitely asking about online finding aids in the hiring process specifically!

    4. I think this is the job I'm hiring for*

      Write a note in the box that your finding aids have been internal-use-only and say that you will bring a hard copy to the interview.

      1. I think this is the job I'm hiring for*

        Yes, this is definitely the job I’m hiring for. There are two reasons for the question: 1. to see if the applicant can follow directions (i.e., didn’t just cut and paste from their resume) and 2. to get a sense of the applicant’s experience with finding aids, because this is an area we’re trying to improve in. Failure to follow directions is disqualifying in my mind; if you don’t have a URL to share but explain why, I’ll just want to talk to you more when we meet.

        PLEASE apply and don’t be discouraged by the question. Government HR processes are annoyingly bureaucratic for both the employer and the applicant!

        1. Moonlight Doughnut*

          What a small world! Thanks so much for your insight and encouragement! I’m definitely still going to apply as it sounds like a great position and in line with my experience. It’s my first time applying through this particular online gov system, so I’m definitely a little nervous about making sure all the correct information ends up in the right place.

      2. I think this is the job I'm hiring for*

        AND! Don’t worry about the fact that I’ve seen you asking this question here. If anything, I’ll give you props for reading AAM :-) You might need to change your username if I hire you and you want to complain about work, but that’s why I’m not using my regular username for these comments :-)

            1. I am Moana*

              You know we’re going to need an update after the interview, right? ☺️ It’s the meet cute of AAM.

          1. Not So NewReader*

            This is really great for the both of you.
            You both read AAM so now you know something about each other’s commitment to professionalism.

    5. bb-great*

      I would just give a quick explanation and use dropbox or google docs so they have what they need without taking an extra step.

      I haven’t seen this elsewhere, but I don’t think it’s particularly unusual for jobs in general to ask for work samples. I do agree that working for a “non-tech-savvy” archives can hurt you in that it limits what skills you can develop on the job. But it’s also pretty reasonable that if you’re hiring for a role that requires knowing how to use EAD, you hire someone who can do that, you know?

  42. TempToHire Desire*

    What’s the best way to move from “temp” to “employee”? I’m in my first week of a new temp position, and I’ve decided I really like the company and would enjoy full-time employment here. This temp position has an end date three months from now. My team of 25 people are mostly students happy to have a good paying job in between semesters. The team will be disband (laid off) no later than June 30. Knowing that, I’d like to position myself and prove myself so I may seek and achieve full-time employment. Do I need to wait until the end date is here? How do I approach this desire with my (temporary) manager? And what’s the best way to prove myself (since this temp position feels quite different from an actual employment position)? Thanks for all the feedback!

    1. Jennifer*

      Do a good job. Keep an eye out for job openings. Ask if anyone there would be a reference towards the end of the job.

      It’s really going to depend on whether or not an open position is available and if you get along with everyone. I’ve gotten lucky because I was there when someone left, which seems to usually be how it works.

    2. The Original K.*

      Definitely don’t wait until the end date is there. Do good work and look for openings, and let your manager know that you’d be interested in something permanent. Also, I would caution you against stopping your job search if what you’re after is a full-time position, even if you really like the company where you are. It sounds like things are kind of shaky (“no later than June 30” sounds to me like the team could disband sooner than that) and like the position you are in is a straight temp situation rather than a temp to hire, so odds are good that you’ll have to go through the hiring process for a different position at the current company. It’s good to have options.

      If there isn’t an opportunity to stay, get a reference from your manager.

    3. zora*

      You can mention this to your manager at any time! You don’t have to wait for the end date.

      If you have a regular check-in with your manager, that is a good time, or whenever you get a minute in passing. “By the way, I really am loving working here, and I would be very interested in a permanent position if there are any available.” You can also ask her “Is there anything I can do to best position myself for an opportunity here?”

      Also, make sure you are really killing it. Do everything the best you can, make sure everyone knows that you are happy to help. And let your boss know that you are happy to take on any additional tasks that she needs (if you have time). You could even keep an eye out for ways to take initiative that your boss might not have thought to ask about, and then offer those things. Don’t do things without asking, but pointing out something you think you could improve on and about how long you think it would take, can be a huge help to a manager.

    4. Bea*

      The others will start dropping off soon. Do well. Make good internal connections first. Then a couple months in start asking about openings or opportunities to come on permanent.

      I was the last one standing in a group of 10 years ago. They saw my potential just from my showing up and doing the job, the others would flake off or show less desirable behaviours to be trimmed out in multiple ways.

      You need to give it time. A week in, coming off as over eager to stay may be endearing but also they’re like “i dont know you or if you will continue to do a good job…so…” Ease into it.

    5. WorkingOnIt*

      I think do a good job but also be blatant – they’re not going to know you enjoy the job and you’d be interested in staying on if they have permanent jobs unless you tell them. So maybe be there at least a month have a good attitude, do well and then speak to your manager directly say you’re really enjoying working here, you particularly like the company and was wondering if there were opportunities to either extend the temporary contract or join the permanent team. Keep an eye on available vacancies there as well and apply if relevant – or even have questions to the manager about it – you’d seen this great vacancy do they have any recommendations or think that your skills meet the job, you can use this as an opener as well to say you really enjoying working in this team but can’t see any open vacancies at the moment (if true) is this something they’ll likely to have in the future, you’d love to stay on. The squeakiest wheel gets the grease so even if it might not come naturally to you you need to be blatant about your interest early and not just rely on doing a good job and being a great coworker for them to think about asking you to stay. If you start too early before you’ve proved you’re any good/or got a grasp for the role/company then I don’t think it would come off well, but don’t leave it too late.

    6. Thlayli*

      Definitely let your manager know you’d be interested in any full-time position, and make sure you do the best job possible.

      But it really does depend on whether there is any openings. If there’s no permanent job, there’s no permanent job.

      1. zora*

        But if there isn’t a position when your temp job is up, keep in touch with your manager! I’ve had more than one situation where I did a short term temp gig and they liked me so much, that when they had a temp-to-perm spot open months later my former manager asked for me specifically. Keep it light and networky: maybe send an email every couple of months asking how things are going and giving an update on your life. Having the insider view of a company is huge, so make sure you stay connected, you might still get a job there in the future!

    7. WillowSunstar*

      The way I did it, I did a good job and impressed the right manager. Also, it was partly luck, because the opening had been offered to someone else and she turned it down. Since I’d already been temping for a long period of time, I jumped at it.

  43. Anon here hi*

    At my work, they are very social and extroverted. I’m more introverted and have a mean resting face, which I can’t help. It doesn’t mean I’m upset, I just look it. I’m newer, which doesn’t help either. People seem to avoid me- I have to force myself to smile because one woman looked like she wanted to jump in the trash bin just to get away from me. I’ve heard them talking about me too. I feel sad and angry because others don’t smile yet it’s okay for them. Why the double standard?

    Has anyone here ever experienced that? What do you do?

      1. Ainomiaka*

        This is good. Pick some specific social things that you are okay with doing and make an effort to do them more. You don’t have to be everything all the time, but doing some social niceties on your own terms helps dispel the “never talks” illusion.

    1. Jennifer*

      I hate to say it, but smile, smile, smile. People get hostile to “resting face” so bad these days. Some things are okay for others that will not be okay for you, especially if you already have a bad reputation and it sounds like you do. You may have to be overly perky and friendly and happy to compensate.